William Alfred Fowler’s profile picture

William Alfred Fowler

Nuclear Physicist and Astrophysicist
William Alfred Fowler’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Pittsburgh
Country: United States
BirthDay: 9 August 1911
Sigh: Virgo
Died On: March 14, 1995
Education: 1936 - California Institute of Technology, Ohio State University

William Alfred Fowler was bornon 9 August 1911 in Pittsburgh, American, is Nuclear Physicist and Astrophysicist. William Alfred Fowler was an American nuclear physicist and astrophysicist. He and Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar were the joint winners of the Nobel Prize for Physics 1983. Fowler won the Nobel Prize for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe. He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania but grew up in Lima, Ohio after his father moved to the latter city after being transferred. Right from his time at high school, he displayed an aptitude for the sciences and engineering. He took admission at the Ohio State University with the intention to study ceramic engineering but his growing interest in physics made him change his mind and he graduated in engineering physics. Subsequently, he studied at the elite California Institute of Technology, from where he was awarded his Ph.D. and was associated with the institute for the major part of his academic career. He served as an assistant professor and then as a full professor at the California Institute of Technology and also served the army in a non military role during the Second World War.


William Alfred Fowler died on 14 March 1995 due to kidney failure in Pasadena, California, at the age of 83


His theories on elemental generation won him the Nobel Prize in 1983, which he shared with Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar who had conducted an independent study on the same subject


Other than his work on element generation, he was also involved in research related to the field of radio astronomy, with Fred Hoyle at the Institute of Theoretical Physics, established in 1966, at the University of Cambridge


The paper was published in the year 1957 and suggested that the process of synthesis of elements in stars starts from lighter elements


He spent the better part of the 1950s in research related to experimental physics and one of his most celebrated work was the paper ‘Synthesis of the Elements in Stars’ which he co-authored with Fred Hoyle, Margaret Burbidge and Geoffrey Burbidge


In fact, in 1944, Fowler was sent to the South Pacific to assist the American forces and he stayed there in a non military capacity for three months


He got married to Adriane Foy Olmsted on 24 August 1940


After attaining his doctorate from the California Institute of Technology, William Alfred Fowler was appointed as an assistant professor at the institute in 1939 and during that period he was engaged in in studying the nuclear reactions of the protons of carbon and nitrogen isotopes


He received his doctorate in 1936 from the same institute in nuclear physics


Following his graduation from Ohio State University in 1933, he went to California Institute of Technology for his post graduate education


Initially, he studied at the Horace Mann Grade School and later on went on to graduate from Lima Central High School in 1929


William Alfred Fowler was born in Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania, United States on 9 August 1911, to John Macleod Fowler and his wife Jenni Summers Watson Fowler

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