Stanley B. Prusiner was bornon 28 May 1942 in Des Moines, Iowa, United States, American, is Neurologist and Biochemist. Stanley B. Prusiner is an American neurologist and biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1997 for his prion research. He coined the term prion, which comes from the words "proteinaceous" and "infectious” to refer to a class of infectious self-reproducing pathogens primarily or solely composed of protein. The son of an architect, he had a comfortable upbringing, typical of American boys hailing from well-to-do families. Intelligent and interested in scientific pursuits from a young age, he was referred to as the little Genius for developing a bug repellent as a school boy. He earned a degree in chemistry from the University of Pennsylvania and later received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He spent a few years in biochemical research before becoming a professor of neurology and biochemistry at the University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, from where he had completed his internship. Over the course of his research, he began studying a particular class of neurodegenerative disorders—the spongiform encephalopathies—that caused progressive dementia and death in humans and animals. This work eventually led to the groundbreaking findings that earned him the Nobel Prize. In addition to the Nobel Prize, he is also the recipient of several other prestigious awards in science fields.
The new found interest in the significance of his research eventually earned him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1997
A new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease emerged in Great Britain in 1996 which brought Prusiner’s research into limelight
However, he continued with his research and by the early 1990s, the existence of prions was accepted by many in the scientific community
After years of intensive research, he claimed to have isolated the scrapie-causing agent in 1982
He began a residency at the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) in the Department of Neurology in 1972
Stanley Benjamin Prusiner was born on May 28, 1942, in Des Moines, Iowa, United States, to Miriam (Spigel) and Lawrence Prusiner