Severo Ochoa’s profile picture

Severo Ochoa

Physician and Biochemist
Severo Ochoa’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $700,000
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Luarca, Spain
Country: Spanish
BirthDay: 14 September 1905
Sigh: Libra
Died On: November 1, 1993

Severo Ochoa was bornon 14 September 1905 in Luarca, Spain, Spanish, is Physician and Biochemist. Severo Ochoa was a Spanish physician and biochemist, who, along with Arthur Kornberg, won the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of ribonucleic acid and deoxyribonucleic acid”. Born in Luarca, Spain, he lost his father early in life and was brought up by his mother at the coastal town of Málaga. He developed an enthusiasm for natural science while he was a student at school. Later he joined University of Madrid School of Medicine, not because he wanted to be a doctor, but because he thought it was the best way to get into the depths of his favorite subject, biology. He also wanted to study under Santiago Ramón y Cajal, the renowned Spanish neuroscientist and Nobel laureate, but unfortunately, Cajal retired before Ochoa got his admission. Nonetheless, he got chance to work in the laboratory of Juan Negrín while was still in college and developed a passion for research. He spent the first part of his career travelling from country to country, carrying on his research with unparalleled enthusiasm. Ultimately, he found stability when he joined New York University at the age of thirty-seven. His Nobel Prize winning work on the biological synthesis of RNA was done here. Although he received American citizenship in 1956, he never forgot his homeland and spent his last years in Spain, where he continued to contribute significantly in the field of science.


The United States Postal Service had also issued a stamp in his honor in June 2011


The asteroid 117435 Severochoa, discovered on January 14, 2005 by Observatorio de La Cañada in Spain, has been named after him


He died of pneumonia on November 1, 1993 at Madrid, Spain


In 1974, he retired from New York University and joined Roche Institute of Molecular Biology, where he remained active until 1985


Although he became an American citizen in 1956 Ochoa went back to Spain in 1985 and started functioning as advisor to the Spanish Science Policy Authorities


In 1945, he was made an Assistant Professor of Biochemistry, in 1946, the Professor of Pharmacology and in 1954, the Professor of Biochemistry and Chairman of the Department of Biochemistry


However, the period was not very productive and so in 1942, he shifted to New York University School of Medicine as the Research Associate in Medicine


A in August, 1940 and joined Washington University as an Instructor of Pharmacology, simultaneously working with Carl Cori for two years


As the World War II broke out in 1939 the laboratories in England began to concentrate more on war time research and Ochoa, being a foreigner, had no place in that


Fortunately, his friends helped Ochoa to obtain Nuffield Foundation fellowship and with that he shifted to the University of Oxford in December 1937 as a Research Assistant and Demonstrator


Germany in 1936 was not what Ochoa had experienced in 1930


In 1935, a new Institute for Medical Research was created by the University of Madrid


Here he worked with Sir Henry Hallett Dale on enzyme glyoxalase, which acts as catalyst in the conversion of methylglyoxal into lactic acidIn 1933, after two years of post doctoral work in London, Ochoa returned to Madrid to continue teaching career at the University of Madrid


In 1932, Ochoa took a break and joined London National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) for his post doctoral work


Then in 1931, he was appointed a lecturer in physiology at the University of Madrid


In 1930, he returned to Madrid to complete his doctoral thesis on the role of adrenal glands on the chemistry of muscular contraction and received his PhD in the same year


In 1929, soon after receiving his medical degree, Ochoa received invitation to join Otto Meyerhof’s laboratory at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology in Berlin-Dahlem


Finally in 1923, he got admission to the Medical School of the University of Madrid


After completing his secondary education, Ochoa entered Málaga College and received his baccalauréat in 1921


Severo Ochoa de Albornoz was born on 24 September 1905, in Luarca, Spain

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