Selman Waksman’s profile picture

Selman Waksman

Discoverer of Streptomycin
Selman Waksman’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Nova Pryluka, Ukraine
Country: Ukrainian
BirthDay: 22 July 1888
Sigh: Leo
Died On: August 16, 1973
BIOGRAPHY

Selman Waksman was bornon 22 July 1888 in Nova Pryluka, Ukraine, Ukrainian, is Discoverer of Streptomycin. Selman Waksman was a prolific Russian-born American scientist who became famous for his discovery of antibiotics, mainly streptomycin that revolutionized the medical world for its effective treatment against tuberculosis. Waksman gave his life to the study of organic substances. An inventor, biochemist and microbiologist by profession, it was Waksman who initiated studies of the decomposition of organic residues in soils and composts to form humus. For four decades, Waksman researched in his laboratory the study of the nature, distribution, and properties of the microorganisms, and their effects on the structure and the physical and chemical properties of the soils they inhabit. Over the course of his career, he discovered over twenty antibiotics and introduced procedures that have led to the development of many others. For his vital contribution and discovery of antibiotic streptomycin as an antidote for tuberculosis, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Interestingly, the royalties received from the sale of streptomycin and neomycin were used in the creation of Institute of Microbiology at Rutgers University, which was later renamed Waksman Institute of Microbiology. The institute runs till date and supports courses, lectureships, exchange programs and research in the field of microbiology.

TIMELINE
1952

The discovery also gained him the most coveted award, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1952

1951

The Institute of Microbiology which was opened at the Rutgers’ University in 1951 wherein Waksman served as the first director has been reamed him

1941

In 1941, Waksman first coined the word ‘antibiotics’ to microbial products with antimicrobial properties

1940

Waksman discovered a total of twenty antibiotics through extensive research and development, of which actinomycin discovered in 1940, streptomycin in 1944 and neomycin in 1949 were the most prized invention

1939

Together, they studied the fouling of ship bottoms, devising methods for protecting materials against tropical deteriorationIn 1939, he started his pioneering research work on antibiotics

1931

In 1931, he developed a laboratory for the study of marine microbiology, where he along with his students worked each summer for twelve years

1925

He was appointed as an Associate Professor at Rutgers University in 1925, and was eventually promoted to Professor in 1930

1924

Returning to his homeland, he penned the book, ‘Soil Microbiology in 1924’ which became a precursor to his famous book, ‘Principles of Soil Microbiology’ which was published in 1927

1918

Upon completing his doctorate degree, Waksman returned to his alma mater at Rutgers in 1918, where he was appointed as a lecturer on soil microbiology

1916

Selman Waksman married his childhood sweetheart, Bertha Deborah Mitnik, on August 4, 1916

1915

In 1915, Waksman made his first public presentation, with R

1910

In 1910, he gained his matriculation degree from Fifth Gymnasium

1888

Selman Waksman was born on July 22, 1888, in Nova Pryluka, Podolia Governorate, Russian Empire, to Jewish parents, Fradia and Jacob Waksman,Young Waksman attained his early education from private tutors before enrolling in an evening school in Odessa

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