Salvador Allende’s profile picture

Salvador Allende

Former President of Chile
Salvador Allende’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $900,000
Residence: Santiago, Chile
Country: Chilean
BirthDay: 26 June 1908
Sigh: Cancer
Died On: September 11, 1973
BIOGRAPHY

Salvador Allende was bornon 26 June 1908 in Santiago, Chile, Chilean, is Former President of Chile. Salvador Allende, the former president of Chile who served from 1970 to 1973, was the first Marxist to be democratically elected the president of a Latin American country. Basically a physician by profession, Allende’s involvement in Chilean politics dates back to 1933 when he co-founded a section of the Socialist Party of Chile and became its chairman. His interest in politics was apparent form his college days when as a medical student he was arrested multiple times for participating in radical politics. He unsuccessfully ran for presidency in 1952, 1958 and 1964 before finally winning the open elections in 1970 to become the first democratically elected socialist president of Chile. The country was in the throes of severe economic crises when Allende came to power. Socio-economic problems like unemployment, inflation and malnourishment were rampant in the country at that time. As president, he tried to build a socialist society by bringing about nationalization of industries and by adopting a policy of collectivism. He introduced a wage increase of around 40% while forbidding companies from hiking prices. He also restored diplomatic relations with China, Cuba and the German Democratic Republic. However his enthusiasm for socialism strained his relations with business houses and many other politicians. In spite of having the support of the farmers and the common man, his government was overthrown in September 1973 by a military coup.

TIMELINE
1973

In 1973, a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet overthrew Allende’s government and Pinochet officially too over the presidency in 1974

1971

The Women’s Secretariat was established in 1971 to improve the social and economic conditions for women

1970

On assuming power in 1970, Allende introduced many reformist policies to restructure the Chilean economy

1952

He ran for the office of the president thrice unsuccessfully (in 1952, 1958, and 1964)

1945

He served as the senator for several provinces from 1945 till 1969

1941

In 1941, the Popular Front was renamed Democratic Alliance, and Allende was elected its deputy

1940

He married Hortensia Bussi, a librarian, in 1940 with whom he had three daughters

1938

In 1938, he was in charge of the electoral campaign of the Popular Front whose slogan was “Bread, a Roof, and Work”, which was victorious

1933

His political career began in 1933 when he co-founded The socialist Party of Chile with Colonel Marmaduque Grove, Oscar Schnake, Carlos Alberto Mart�nez, and others

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