Rosalyn Sussman Yalow’s profile picture

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow

Medical Physicist
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: New York City, New York, U.S.
Country: United States
BirthDay: 19 July 1921
Sigh: Leo
Died On: May 30, 2011
Education: Hunter College, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign
BIOGRAPHY

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was bornon 19 July 1921 in New York City, New York, U.S., American, is Medical Physicist. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was an American biochemist and a medical physicist who received Nobel Prize in 1977 for developing ‘radioimmunoassay’ or RIA technique. She was the only woman scientist until then to receive this prize in Physiology or Medicine. The technique was used to measure various minute quantities of biological substances in the human blood and other aqueous fluids with the help of radioactive isotopes. The technique involves the use of two reagents of which the radioactive reagent bonds with the target substance while the antibody reagent reacts chemically with the target substance. Initially this technique was used to measure the level of insulin in the blood but was later used to measure hundreds of other substances such as vitamins, hormones, enzymes and also drugs in the blood stream which could be detected easily earlier. Yalow was helped by another physicist, Solomon A. Berson, in developing the RIA technique. She shared the prize money with two other scientists, Andrew Schally and Roger Guilleman as Solomon Berson was no longer alive when the announcement was made. She was also the first woman to achieve many more scientific feats during her career such as finding the underlying mechanism which caused type-II diabetes. Her radioimmunoassay technique is also used for testing the presence of the hepatitis virus in patients.

TIMELINE
1985

She left this college in 1985 and joined the ‘Mount Sinai School of Medicine’ as a ‘Solomon A

1979

In 1979 she was made a distinguished professor at large of the ‘Albert Einstein College’ under the ‘Yeshiva University’

1950

It was already known by the 1950s that animal insulin had to be injected in increasing amounts into a diabetic patient to be effective, but no explanation was available for this growing resistance to insulin

1947

In December 1947 she was appointed as a part-time consultant of nuclear physics to the ‘Bronx Veterans Administration Hospital’

1946

She started teaching physics at Hunter College from 1946 to 1950 to not only women but also veterans returning from the war

1945

Rosalyn Yalow returned to New York in January 1945 without her husband Aaron Yalow who was still busy completing his thesis at the ‘University of Illinois’ and could join her only in September 1945

1943

She married Aaron Yalow in 1943 and had two children, a son named Benjamin and a daughter named Elanna

1941

However, when she was offered a teaching assistantship in the department of physics of the ‘University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana’ in February 1941, she immediately grabbed the opportunity and joined the most prestigious graduate school in June 1941

1921

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was born in The Bronx, New York City, USA, on July 19, 1921

1917

She was congratulated by the Dean as the first woman to be a member since 1917

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