Roger Guillemin’s profile picture

Roger Guillemin

Physiologist
Roger Guillemin’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Dijon, France
BirthDay: 11 January 1924
Sigh: Aquarius
Education: Université de Montréal, Université de Bourgogne
BIOGRAPHY

Roger Guillemin was bornon 11 January 1924 in Dijon, France, French, American, is Physiologist. Roger Charles Louis Guillemin is a French-born American physiologist, who was awarded the ‘Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology’ in 1977, jointly with Polish-American endocrinologist Andrew V. Schally, and American medical physicist Rosalyn Sussman Yalow. Guillemin is distinguished as one of the pioneers in the field of neuroendocrinological research, the study of synergy of the central nervous system with that of the endocrine glands like the pancreas, thyroid and pituitary. He concentrated in examining the production of hormones by the brain and the effect of such hormones on the body. The hypothesis that hypothalamus, a portion of the brain, releases hormones that controls the pituitary gland, a theory which was first suggested by English anatomist Geoffrey W. Harris, was proved to be correct by Guillemin. His studies paved way for scientific pursuits and developments that helped in comprehending the physiology of brain and problems related to infertility, diabetes of juveniles and thyroid disorders. He examined the fibroblast growth factors receptors which are presently applied in diseases like diabetic blindness and for treating other eye related problems. His research work also included study of activins and inhibins, the peptides that aid in controlling the menstrual cycle. He is recipient of several awards and honours which include the ‘French Legion of Honor’ (1973), ‘National Academy of Sciences’ (1974), ‘Lasker Award’ (1975), ‘National Medal of Science’ (1976) and the ‘Dickson Prize in Medicine’ (1976).

TIMELINE
1995

He signed a petition with other Nobel Laureates appealing a delegation of the United Nations’ ‘Committee on the Rights of the Children’ to go to China to visit Gendhun Choekyi Nyima, a Tibetian child, identified by Tenzin Gyatso - the 14th Dalai Lama as the 11th Panchen Lama, who since 1995 is living under house arrest in the country

1970

From 1970 until his retirement in1989 Guillemin remained a resident fellow and research professor of the ‘Salk Institute for Biological Studies’ in California

1969

In 1969 both Guillemin and Schally through their independent research came out with the structure of TRH or TRF

1968

In 1968 he and his associates became successful in isolating thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) or the thyrotropin-releasing factor (TRF) generated by the hypothalamus, which stimulates release of thyrotropin (TSH), a thyroid stimulating hormone

1962

Some of the books he has authored include ‘Pharmacological Control of Release of Hormones including Anti-Diabetic Drugs’ (1962); ‘The Brain as an Endocrine Organ’ (1978); and ‘Hypothalamic Control of Pituitary Functions: The Growth Hormone Releasing Factor’ (1986)

1960

Meanwhile from 1960 to 1963 Guillemin concurrently worked as Professor of Endocrinology at the ‘Collège de France’ and in 1963 became a naturalized citizen of the US

1953

in 1953 he joined ‘Baylor College of Medicine’ in Houston, Texas, in its Department of Physiology as Assistant Professor and remained in the post till 1962

1951

In 1951 he married Lucienne, who later became a professional harpsichord player

1950

Sometime in 1950 he had a fatal attack of tubercular meningitis

1944

In 1944 he earned MS from the ‘University of Burgundy’

1942

Thereafter he completed BS from the ‘University of Burgundy’ in 1942

1924

He was born on January 11, 1924, in Dijon, the capital town of Burgundy to Raymond Guillemin and Blanche Rigollot Guillemin

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