Robert Walpole’s profile picture

Robert Walpole

First Prime Minister of Great Britain
Robert Walpole’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $1.1 Million
Industry: Prime Ministers
Residence: Houghton, Norfolk
Country: British
BirthDay: 26 August 1676
Sigh: Virgo
Died On: March 18, 1745
Education: King's College, Cambridge, Eton College

Robert Walpole was bornon 26 August 1676 in Houghton, Norfolk, British, is First Prime Minister of Great Britain. Sir Robert Walpole was a British statesman who served as the first Prime Minister of Great Britain. His tenure lasted for twenty years making him the longest serving Prime Minister in British history, a record which he holds till date. Coming from a politically active family, Walpole’s influence was such that his era of dominance is fondly remembered as Robinocracy or Robinarchy. A Whig politician, he first came into politics in 1701 as a member of the parliament. Soon, he jumped up the ladder and took up many senior positions. It was under George I’s reign that Walpole was first elected as the Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1721, a chair that he held until 1742. Under his premiership, Britain prospered and shined. He helped establish peace by signing peace treatises, bettered Britain financial situation by lowering taxes, prevented major financial crux by reinstating government funds after South Sea Bubble collapse, pioneered protectionist policies thus enabling import and export and treaded the mid path by allowing tolerance for Protestant Dissenters. What gave him the edge over other politicians of his day was his middle route. He avoided high-intensity disputes in a jiffy by simply taking the mid path thus attracting moderates from both the Whig and the Tories. All through his life, Walpole excelled at establishing an effective working relationship between the Crown and the Parliament which stood as a major example for future prime ministers to follow


His influence further suffered following the poor results of the 1741 general election that made his position unstable


This led to the declaration of the 1739 War of the Jenkins’ Ear


Walpole earned the wrath of the literary figures when he persuaded the Parliament to pass the Licensing Act of 1737 under which London theatres were regulated


Walpole’s most remarkable contribution came as the Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1721 to 1742


In 1720, Walpole returned to serve the position of Paymaster of the Forces


In 1715, he ascended late Lord Halifax as the First Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer


The death of Queen Anne and the subsequent succession of George I in 1714 marked the end of Tories rule as well


In 1712, Walpole faced corruption charges and was imprisoned for six months


The rise of the Tories in the 1710 general election put a halt to Walpole’s political career


He became a member of the Admiralty board and by 1708, was appointed as the Secretary of War


In 1702, he left Castle Rising to represent King’s Lynn


In 1701, he began his political career and became a member of the parliament for Castle Rising


Following the death of his father in 1700, Walpole succeeded to the family estate


Later on, he secured admission at King’s College Cambridge and matriculated from the same on April 2, 1696


Academically brilliant, he enrolled at Eton College in 1690


Robert Walpole was born on August 26, 1676, in Houghton, Norfolk, to Robert and Mary Walpole

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