Robert Peel’s profile picture

Robert Peel

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Robert Peel’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $17 Million
Industry: Prime Ministers
Residence: Ramsbottom
Country: British
BirthDay: 5 February 1788
Sigh: Pisces
Died On: July 2, 1850
Education: Christ Church, Oxford, Harrow School, Hipperholme Grammar School, University of Oxford
BIOGRAPHY

Robert Peel was bornon 5 February 1788 in Ramsbottom, British, is Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Sir Robert Peel was an English politician who served twice as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and founded the ‘Conservative Party’. Born to a wealthy cotton mill owner, Peel attained his education at Harrow and Oxford, and later entered parliament as a Tory. Initially in his political career, he served as under-secretary for war and colonies, and the chief secretary for Ireland. Later, he became the home secretary and introduced far-ranging criminal law and prison reform as well as laid the foundation of the Metropolitan Police. Following the dismissal of Whig Government of Earl Grey, Sir Robert Peel was appointed as the Prime Minister of England. But, he resigned after a year following the Tories’ minority issue in the House of Commons, a situation which he found increasingly intolerable. Later, Peel returned to the office with a Conservative administration and it was during this government that he oversaw the introduction of significant legislation such as the Mines Act of 1842, and the Factory Act of 1844. Later, he attempted to repeal the Corn Laws which had been introduced to protect British agriculture. Although, the issue caused heated debate in the parliament for months, the Corn Laws were eventually repealed with support from the Whigs and the Radicals. Afterwards, Peel was defeated on another bill and resigned from his post. He never held office again. Several years later, Peel was badly injured in a riding accident and subsequently died in London.

TIMELINE
1950

Three days later, Sir Robert Peel died on July 2, 1950, due to a fracture rupturing his vessels

1850

In June 1850, Peel was involved in an accident; he was thrown from his horse while riding on Constitution Hill in London and the horse stumbled on top of him

1846

He was also mainly responsible for the repeal of the Corn Laws that had restricted imports, in 1846

1845

By 1845, the only unresolved difference in the free trade system was the protection of agriculture afforded by the Corn Laws, which supported agricultural revenues by restricting grain imports

1844

In 1844, his government passed ‘The Factory Act’ which restricted the number of hours that children and women could work in a factory, and setting rudimentary safety standards for machinery

1841

In the general election of 1841, the Conservative Party gained a majority in the House of Commons and Sir Robert Peel returned to the office of Prime Minister

1835

In April 1835, Peel’s government was defeated by a combination of Whigs, radicals, and Irish nationalists, and Peel resigned from his office

1834

In 1834, Peel issued the Tamworth Manifesto, laying down the principles upon which the modern British Conservative Party is based

1830

After the Tory ministry refused to bend on other issues, similar to the ones as the Catholic emancipation, they were swept out of office in 1830 in favor of the Whigs

1829

In the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829, Sir Robert Peel laid the foundations of a modern professional police force

1821

In 1821, Peel was recalled and offered the post of home secretary in Lord Liverpool's government, where he served until 1830

1820

In 1820, Sir Robert Peel married Julia Floyd, the youngest daughter of General Sir John Floyd, 1st Baronet

1818

In 1818, upon his retirement from the post of chief secretary, Peel stayed out of office for several years

1812

In 1812, when Lord Liverpool became the Prime Minister, he appointed Peel as the chief secretary for Ireland, a post Peel served for the next six years

1810

The next year, in 1810, Peel joined the government as the under-secretary for war and the colonies

1808

In 1808, Peel saw part-time military service as a Captain in the Manchester Regiment of Militia

1788

Robert Peel was born on February 5, 1788, at Bury, Lancashire, England, to Sir Robert Peel, 1st Baronet, an industrialist and parliamentarian

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