Robert Hofstadter’s profile picture

Robert Hofstadter

Physicist
Robert Hofstadter’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: New York City
Country: United States
BirthDay: 5 February 1915
Sigh: Pisces
Died On: November 17, 1990
Education: 1938 - Princeton University, 1935 - City College of New York, 1938 - Princeton University, 1939 - University of Pennsylvania
BIOGRAPHY

Robert Hofstadter was bornon 5 February 1915 in New York City, American, is Physicist. Robert Hofstadter was an American physicist famous for his discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons. His in-depth investigation of electron scattering in atomic nuclei led to the determination of the size and shape of the proton and the neutron, and earned him a share of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics which he was jointly awarded with Rudolf Mössbauer. Born into a Jewish family in New York, he grew up to be a brilliant student who excelled in the sciences and mathematics. He graduated magna cum laude from the City College of New York and was awarded a Charles A. Coffin Foundation Fellowship to attend graduate school at Princeton University. Armed with a doctorate degree by the time he was 23, he served as a physicist at the National Bureau of Standards during World War II before embarking on an academic career. He worked for a while at the Princeton University where he carried out research on crystal conduction counters, on the Compton effect. After leaving Princeton, he moved to Stanford University where he focused his efforts on electron-scattering measurements. In the later stages of his career he grew interested in astrophysics and played a major role in the development of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory.

TIMELINE
1990

He died of a heart attack on November 17, 1990, in Stanford, California, at the age of 75

1958

He was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1958-59, and spent one year at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland, on sabbatical leave

1956

In 1956, he published a paper ‘Electron Scattering and Nuclear Structure’ in ‘Reviews of Modern Physics’ journal in which he coined the term “Fermi”, symbol “fm” in honor of the Italian physicist Enrico Fermi, one of the founders of nuclear physics

1953

From 1953 onwards, he focused mainly on electron-scattering measurements

1950

In 1950, he left Princeton to join the Stanford University as Associate Professor of Physics

1948

He filed a patent for thallium-activated sodium iodide gamma ray detector in 1948

1946

He joined the faculty of Princeton in 1946 where he primarily dealt with the study of infrared rays, photoconductivity, and crystal and scintillation counters

1939

In 1939, he received the Harrison Fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania where he continued his postdoctoral work

1938

Upon completing his doctorate degree by the age of 23, he was awarded a Procter Fellowship at Princeton University for postdoctoral work in 1938-39

1915

Robert Hofstadter was born on February 5, 1915, in New York to Polish immigrants, Louis Hofstadter, a salesman, and his wife, Henrietta Koenigsberg

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