Prafulla Chandra Ray’s profile picture

Prafulla Chandra Ray

Chemist
Prafulla Chandra Ray’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Khulna
Country: Indian
BirthDay: 2 August 1861
Sigh: Virgo
Died On: June 16, 1944
Education: University of Calcutta, Presidency University, Kolkata, Vidyasagar College, University of Edinburgh, Hare School, 1887 - University of Edinburgh
BIOGRAPHY

Prafulla Chandra Ray was bornon 2 August 1861 in Khulna, Indian, is Chemist. Prafulla Chandra Ray was an eminent Indian scientist who is hailed as the “Father of Indian pharmaceuticals”. His work on the nitrites and hyponitrites of metals, especially mercury, earned him fame worldwide. Born in a well-to-do family, he received education at some of the premier educational institutes in the country. An illness in his childhood days forced him to discontinue studies for a while, but he made the best possible use of the time and harboured a liking for literature. He pursued higher education from the ‘University of Edinburgh’ and stayed on a year there to conduct further research. Returning to his homeland, Ray started his academic at the Presidency College and it was during his tenure that he discovered the compound mercurous nitrite. The pioneering chemist, founded a chemical manufacturing company, ‘Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Works Ltd.’. He lived an astute life and spent most of his life serving the poor and contributing toward scientific advancements. He remained associated with the ‘Sadharan Brahmo Samaj’ for most of his life and was even nominated the President of the division. A revered figure, many institutions have named after this scientist such as the ‘Acharya Prafulla Chandra College’, ‘Prafulla Chandra College’ in Calcutta, and the ‘Bagerhat P.C College’ of Bangladesh. Read on to know more about his life and works

TIMELINE
1944

On June 16, 1944, this eminent Indian scientist breathed his last in his Calcutta residence

1932

A voracious reader and lover of literature, he penned his own life story in the book entitled ‘Life and Experience of a Bengali Chemist’, in 1932

1923

An ardent social worker, he started a relief organisation when the state of Bengal was affected by massive floods in 1923

1920

By the year 1920, this eminent chemist had penned more than 100 scientific literature and many of them were published in the journal of ‘Indian Chemical Society’

1916

Ray left his job at Presidency to accept the position of ‘Palit Professor’ at the ‘Rajabazar Science College’ in 1916

1902

Over the course of next few years he studied many ancient texts on science and the result was the book ‘A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of Sixteenth Century’, published in 1902

1896

In 1896, he published the results of his research on nitrites of mercury; he had developed the stable compound mercurous nitrite and it implored other scientists to study the nitrites of metals and amines

1888

He continued further research on his thesis, for a year, which dealt with the isomorphous mixtures and then returned to Calcutta in 1888

1882

He won the ‘Gilchrist Prize Scholarships’ in 1882 and he went on to pursue his bachelor’s degree in science from the ‘Edinburgh University’ in Scotland

1879

In 1879 after Ray completed his matriculation from the ‘Albert School’, he pursued higher education from the ‘Vidyasagar College’

1877

After graduating he pursued higher studies from Edinburgh and worked on his doctoral dissertation, upon completion of which he was awarded a doctoral degree in 1877

1874

It was in 1874, that young Prafulla contracted dysentery and was forced to discontinue his studies

1870

He was enrolled at a local school founded by his well-to-do family, for his early education till 1870, when they moved to Calcutta

1861

Born to a rich land owner Harish Chandra Ray in Raruli-Katipara village, Bangladesh, on August 2, 1861, Prafulla Chandra Ray, was the younger of two brothers

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