Philippe Pétain’s profile picture

Philippe Pétain

Marshal of France
Philippe Pétain’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $18 Million
Industry: Prime Ministers
Residence: Cauchy-à-la-Tour
Country: French
BirthDay: 24 April 1856
Sigh: Taurus
Died On: July 23, 1951
Education: École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, École Supérieure de Guerre

Philippe Pétain was bornon 24 April 1856 in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, French, is Marshal of France. Philippe Pétain was a French general who was declared a national hero in World War I but was later discredited and sentenced to death. Born to a farming family from northern France, he attended the local schools before joining the French army. After a series of World War I commands, Pétain was ordered to stop the massive German attack on the city of Verdun. He motivated his troops and reorganized the front lines as well as the transport systems, transforming a near-defeat situation into a successful defense. He earned much appreciation from the French government and military for this victory and subsequently became a national hero. After serving on a number of posts such as the Marshal of France, Minister of War and Secretary of State, he was appointed the Prime Minister of France at the start of World War II. With France under attack from Germany, Pétain entered a truce with the Germans which gave latter the control over most parts of France but left the remainder as a separate regime under Pétain, with its capital at Vichy. Later, with the Germans invading the unoccupied zone of France and the allied landings in France, Pétain was arrested by Nazis and sent to Germany. Pétain returned to France after the liberation where he was accused of treason and was put on trial. Subsequently, he was sentenced to solitary confinement for life and died at the age of 95 in prison.


Philippe Petain died on July 23, 1951, while serving his sentence on the Ile d'Yeu, an island off the coast of Brittany, at the age of 95


Upon returning to France, he was brought to trial on charges of treason and was subsequently sentenced to death in August 1945


In August 1944, after the liberation of France, the Germans transferred Pétain and other members of the French cabinet from Vichy to Germany


In 1942, following the Allied landings in North Africa and the German occupation of Vichy France, Pétain’s position was reduced to that of merely a figurehead


In June 1940, Pétain concluded an settlement with the Nazis that divided France into two zones; the north and the Atlantic coastline under German military occupation, while the rest of France under Pétain's direct administration with its capital as Vichy


In 1934, Pétain entered politics as Minister of War and later became an Ambassador to Spain


In 1922, after being appointed as the inspector general of the army, he used his power to position French military planning along defensive lines


On September 14, 1920, Pétain married an old lover, Eugénie Hardon, who had been divorced from François de Hérain


In November 1918, he was named the Marshal of France and later became the Vice president of the Supreme War Council


He was appointed the commander-in-chief of the French Army and was successful in restoring morale in the French army after a series of mutinies in 1917


As General of the French battalion during World War I, he won much fame and respect for his successful defense of Verdun against the Germans in 1916


In 1914, he was given command of a brigade and after distinguishing himself at the ‘Battle of the Marne’, he was appointed a full general in 1915 and took command of the 11th Army


In 1887, he was enrolled at the École Supérieure de Guerre, an army war college, in Paris


Philippe went to a local village school, followed by a religious secondary school before being admitted to Saint-Cyr military academy in 1876


Philippe Pétain, full name Henri-Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain, was born on April 24, 1856, in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, Pas-de-Calais, Second French Empire

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