Otto Wilhelm von Struve’s profile picture

Otto Wilhelm von Struve

Astronomer
Otto Wilhelm von Struve’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Tartu
Country: German
BirthDay: 7 May 1819
Sigh: Gemini
Died On: April 16, 1905
Education: University of Tartu
BIOGRAPHY

Otto Wilhelm von Struve was bornon 7 May 1819 in Tartu, German, is Astronomer. Otto Wilhelm von Struve was a 19th century Russian astronomer who pioneered the study of double stars and contributed greatly to our modern understanding of astrophysics. Son of the Russian astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, Otto followed in his father's footsteps. He was a genius in his time; completing school education at the age of 15 and university education at the age of 20. During his time at the Imperial University of Dorpat, Otto Wilhelm von Struve helped his father catalogue the northern skies. Otto Wilhelm alone is credited with discovering an estimated 500 double star systems along with detailed published measurements of their orbits. Throughout his prestigious career, he completed the most accurate measurement of the earth’s curve, known as the Struve Geodetic Arc, categorized the rings of Saturn and discovered the second moon of Uranus. Winner of a Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society and a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Otto Wilhelm’s contribution to the field of astronomy is unparalleled. After his death, the family’s name continued to be famous in astronomy. His sons: Ludwig and Hermann, both went on to become successful astronomers and his grandson, Otto Struve, too was a famous astronomer

TIMELINE
1905

Otto Wilhelm von Struve died on April 14, 1905 in Karlsruhe, Germany

1901

While the speed measured was found to be incorrect in a study carried out in 1901, Otto Wilhelm was correct in his observation that the sun was much slower than most stars in the night sky

1895

In 1895, he traveled to Germany where he became ill and decided to stay there

1887

In 1887, he was prepared to retire from the Pulkovo Observatory, but Tsar Alexander III convinced him to stay on until the Observatory’s 50th Anniversary celebration the next year

1885

Upon its completion in 1885, the observatory held the world’s largest telescope with a 30 inch refracting lens

1879

From 1879-1884, he helped upgrade the Pulkovo Observatory

1874

In 1874, he traveled across Asia, Persia and Egypt to observe Venus’s orbit

1872

In 1872, he helped organize the newly opened Tashkent Observatory

1865

In 1865, he became ill, and local physicians said he would not recover

1862

In 1862, he became Director of the observatory and remained so until his retirement in 1889

1861

In 1861, he presented his theory on how stars are formed from interstellar matter to the Academy of Sciences

1860

He married his second wife, Emma Jankowsky, in the mid-1860s

1858

When his father fell ill in 1858, Struve took on management of the Pulkovo Observatory

1852

In 1852, he helped complete the triangulation of the Meridian arc from Hammerfest to Nekrasovka

1851

In 1851, while studying a solar eclipse, he concluded that waves coming off the sun were in fact plasma, not an optical illusion

1850

In the 1850s, he measured Saturn’s rings and helped discover its darker inner rings

1847

In 1847, he co-discovered Uranus’s second moon, Umbriel, along with William Lassell

1844

In 1844, he dedicated himself to studying the sun, measuring its speed to be 7

1843

From 1843 –1844, he was part of the team that carried out longitude measurements between Altona, Greenwich and Pulkovo, which were based on large displacement of chronometers over the Earth surface

1842

In 1842, he began his research on double stars for which he would later become famous

1841

In 1841, he began his first independent research, testing William Herschel’s theory of the solar system moving toward the Hercules constellation

1839

When he graduated at the age of 20 in 1839, he was appointed Assistant Director at the newly completed Pulkovo Observatory

1819

Otto Wilhelm von Struve was born on May 7, 1819, in the then Russian Empire city of Dorpat (present day Tartu, Ukraine)

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