Nathaniel Hawthorne’s profile picture

Nathaniel Hawthorne

American Novelist
Nathaniel Hawthorne’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $250,000
Industry: Writers
Residence: Salem, Massachusetts, United States
Country: United States
BirthDay: 4 July 1804
Sigh: Leo
Died On: May 19, 1864
Education: Bowdoin College
BIOGRAPHY

Nathaniel Hawthorne was bornon 4 July 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, United States, American, is American Novelist. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a famous nineteenth century American novelist. He belonged to a family of magistrates, judges, sailors and clergymen. Two of his ancestors were William Hathorne, a magistrate who condemned a Quaker woman to public whipping and John Hathorne, a judge at the notorious Salem Witch Trials. Nathaniel added an extra ‘W’ in his surname to conceal this line of heritage. He used New England as the setting of his novels and most of his works are moral allegories inspired by Puritan ideologies. The works are psychologically complex and often contain moral lessons. Hawthorne’s oeuvre is considered to be a representative of Dark Romanticism, a significant aspect of the Romantic Movement. Apart from novels and short stories, he also wrote a biography of his classmate and friend, Franklin Pierce. Hawthorne was part of ‘Brook Farm’, a transcendentalist community where he came in contact with a number of philosophers and thinkers like Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Thoreau, and Bronson Alcott. However, he became disenchanted with Transcendentalism and documented his feelings about it in the fictional work ‘The Blithedale Romance’. For four years, he served as a consular in Liverpool, Lancashire. During his last years, his writings became incoherent and showed symptoms of psychic decay. Nathaniel Hawthorne died in his sleep, while on a trip with his friend Pierce.

TIMELINE
1864

Hawthorne’s health had been failing him for a long time and on May 19, 1864, while on a tour of the White Mountains he died in Plymouth, New Hampshire

1862

In 1862, he published the essay ‘Chiefly about War Matters’, based on his visit to Washington D

1860

After spending a year and a half in Italy, Hawthorne came back to England and produced ‘The Marble Faun’ in 1860

1857

Hawthorne carried out his consular duties sincerely and effectively till 1857

1853

In 1853, Pierce won the Presidential election, and Hawthorne was appointed the United States’ consul in Liverpool, Lancashire

1852

During the 1852 presidential election, he wrote a campaign biography of his old friend Franklin Pierce, titled ‘The Life of Franklin Pierce

1851

‘The House of the Seven Gables’ (1851) was another successful work which was based on the legend of a curse in Hawthorne’s own family

1850

‘The Scarlet Letter’ (1850) is considered to be Hawthorne’s masterpiece

1848

In 1848, he was appointed as the corresponding secretary of the Salem Lyceum

1846

Apart from these, ‘Mosses from an old Manse’ (1846), ‘The Blithedale Romance’ (1852) and ‘The Marble Fawn’ (1860) are his most notable works

1842

Hawthorne got married to Sophia Peabody on July 9, 1842, in the Peabody parlor on West Street, Boston

1841

For six months in 1841, Hawthorne stayed at the agricultural cooperative ‘Brook Farm’, in West Roxbury, Mass

1839

On January 17, 1839, he was appointed as weigher and gauger at the Boston Custom House at a salary of $1,500 a year

1837

In 1837, his first signed book ‘Twice-Told Tales’ came out, which was a collection of all his previously published short stories

1836

From 1836 to 1839, Hawthorne served as the editor of the ‘American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge’

1832

Wwithin five years of his graduation, his writing skills matured and by 1832, he had published some of his finest tales like ‘The Hollow of the Three Hills’, ‘My Kinsman, Major Molineuz’ and ‘Roger Malvin’s Burial’ in various magazines and annuals

1828

He wrote his first novel ‘Fanshawe’ in 1828 but later attempted to suppress it as he felt this work did not match the standard of his later works

1813

On November 10, 1813, young Hawthorne was hit on the leg while playing

1808

He died in 1808 of yellow fever in Suriname, leaving a widow and three young children

1804

Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804, in Salem, Massachusetts to Nathaniel Hathorne, Sr

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