Murray Gell-Mann’s profile picture

Murray Gell-Mann

Murray Gell-Mann’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $153 Million
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Manhattan, New York City, U.S.
Country: United States
BirthDay: 15 September 1929
Sigh: Libra
Height: 1.60 m
Education: 1951 - Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yale University, Columbia Grammar & Preparatory School

Murray Gell-Mann was bornon 15 September 1929 in Manhattan, New York City, U.S., American, is Physicist. Murray Gell-Mann is an American physicist, who won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in the classification of subatomic particles. Interestingly, as a school boy, he never liked physics and took up the subject as his major just on whim. He was only fifteen years old when he entered the University of Yale as an undergraduate student. Fortunately, he soon began to find the subject enthralling and earned his BS when he was barely eighteen. After receiving his PhD from MIT he spent a brief period at the Institute of Advance Study for his post doc. He later joined Institute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago, where he introduced his concept of ‘strangeness’. However, the longest period of his working life has been at California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. Later he cofounded Santa Fe Institute in New Mexico and joined it as one of its distinguished faculties. Although he was a renowned physicist and has introduced many new concepts, he was interested in a wide range of subject and towards the end of his career he spearheaded the ‘Evolution of Human Languages Program at Santa Fe Institute.


$153 Million


In 2000 he became a member of the board of directors of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc


His famous creation ‘The Quark and the Jaguar: Adventures in the Simple and the Complex’ was published in September 1995


He was appointed to the President’s Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology in 1994 and served in that capacity till 2001


In the 1990s, his interest turned to study of complexity


In 1984, Gell-Mann left his job at California Institute of Technology and joined Santa Fe Institute, which he had cofounded with many other well-known scientists


For example, he was a director of the MacArthur Foundation from 1979 to 2002


He then continued working on his quark theory and in 1972, identified the force that holds the quarks together inside the nuclei


In 1967, Gell-Mann was appointed the Robert Andrews Millikan Professor of Theoretical Physics


In 1964, he proposed that all these particles in the nuclei were made up of even smaller particles holding fractional charge


In 1961, Gell-Mann proposed that the particles could be classified into a group of eight by their electrical charge and strangeness number


In 1955, Gell-Mann joined California Institute of Technology (Cal Tech) in Pasadena as a member of faculty and was promoted to the post of a full professor within a short period


He was promoted to the post of Assistant Professor in 1953 and an Associate Professor in 1954


In 1952, he joined Institute for Nuclear Studies, University of Chicago as an instructor in physics


He received his degree in 1951 and the same year, joined the Institute of Advance Study at Preston for his post doc


In 1947, he took part in William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition and came out second


Murray Gell-Mann was born on September 15, 1929 in New York City into a family of Jewish immigrants

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