Montesquieu was bornon 18 January 1689 in Château de la Brède, La Brède, Aquitaine, France, French, is Philosopher. Baron de Montesquieu was a French author, political commentator, philosopher, jurist and social commentator. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of the late 17th and 18th centuries, whose political ideologies have influenced people all over the world. One of his most important works ‘The Spirit of the Laws' inspired the shaping of the U.S constitution and the English government. His theory on the ‘separation of powers’ has influenced the formulation of many constitutions across the world. He was one of the first scholars to emerge during the Age of Enlightenment, a cultural movement in the 18th century that stressed on reasoning. Some of his other publications include, ‘Persian Letters', ‘Defense de L’Esprit des Lois ', ‘Dialogue de Sylla et d'Eucrate', 'Le Temple de Gnide ' and 'Reflexionssur la MonarchieUniverselle'. He has influenced a wide range of people including Scottish philosopher, David Hume, English-American political activist, Thomas Paine, French political thinker, Alexis de Tocqueville and political theorist Hannah Arendt, among many others. He encouraged political freedom of thought and expression.
In the 1751, his book, ‘The Spirit of the Laws' created controversy after the Roman Catholic Church included it in the ‘Index of Forbidden Books’
In 1750, he came out with his work titled, ‘D�fense de L’Esprit des Lois ', which was a defence written with reference to his previously published work, ‘The Spirit of the Laws'
In 1748, his book on political theory titled, ‘The Spirit of the Laws' was published in France
In 1734, he published his work titled, ‘Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans'
In 1731, he came back to France from England and began to work on the manuscript of his political book, ‘The Spirit of the Laws', for which he drew inspiration from the English political system, which he observed while in England
By 1725, he had lost interest in his political career and life in the Parliament
In 1724, he published his work titled, ‘Dialogue de Sylla et d'Eucrate' and 'Reflexionssur la MonarchieUniverselle ' The following year, he came out with 'Le Temple de Gnide '
In 1721, he came out with his book titled, ‘Persian Letters', which was a political satire and social satire in the French context
A collection of his notebook entries from 1720 until his death in 1755 was published in a book form titled, ‘Mes Pensees’, translated as ‘My Thoughts’ in English
In 1714, he was appointed as a councillor in the Bordeaux Parliament
After his father died in 1713, he went under the care of his uncle Baron de Montesquieu