Montesquieu’s profile picture

Montesquieu

Philosopher
Montesquieu’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Philosophers
Residence: Château de la Brède, La Brède, Aquitaine, France
Country: French
BirthDay: 18 January 1689
Sigh: Aquarius
Died On: February 10, 1755
Education: Académie française (1728), College of Juilly
BIOGRAPHY

Montesquieu was bornon 18 January 1689 in Château de la Brède, La Brède, Aquitaine, France, French, is Philosopher. Baron de Montesquieu was a French author, political commentator, philosopher, jurist and social commentator. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest philosophers of the late 17th and 18th centuries, whose political ideologies have influenced people all over the world. One of his most important works ‘The Spirit of the Laws' inspired the shaping of the U.S constitution and the English government. His theory on the ‘separation of powers’ has influenced the formulation of many constitutions across the world. He was one of the first scholars to emerge during the Age of Enlightenment, a cultural movement in the 18th century that stressed on reasoning. Some of his other publications include, ‘Persian Letters', ‘Defense de L’Esprit des Lois ', ‘Dialogue de Sylla et d'Eucrate', 'Le Temple de Gnide ' and 'Reflexionssur la MonarchieUniverselle'. He has influenced a wide range of people including Scottish philosopher, David Hume, English-American political activist, Thomas Paine, French political thinker, Alexis de Tocqueville and political theorist Hannah Arendt, among many others. He encouraged political freedom of thought and expression.

TIMELINE
1751

In the 1751, his book, ‘The Spirit of the Laws' created controversy after the Roman Catholic Church included it in the ‘Index of Forbidden Books’

1750

In 1750, he came out with his work titled, ‘D�fense de L’Esprit des Lois ', which was a defence written with reference to his previously published work, ‘The Spirit of the Laws'

1748

In 1748, his book on political theory titled, ‘The Spirit of the Laws' was published in France

1734

In 1734, he published his work titled, ‘Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans'

1731

In 1731, he came back to France from England and began to work on the manuscript of his political book, ‘The Spirit of the Laws', for which he drew inspiration from the English political system, which he observed while in England

1725

By 1725, he had lost interest in his political career and life in the Parliament

1724

In 1724, he published his work titled, ‘Dialogue de Sylla et d'Eucrate' and 'Reflexionssur la MonarchieUniverselle ' The following year, he came out with 'Le Temple de Gnide '

1721

In 1721, he came out with his book titled, ‘Persian Letters', which was a political satire and social satire in the French context

1720

A collection of his notebook entries from 1720 until his death in 1755 was published in a book form titled, ‘Mes Pensees’, translated as ‘My Thoughts’ in English

1714

In 1714, he was appointed as a councillor in the Bordeaux Parliament

1713

After his father died in 1713, he went under the care of his uncle Baron de Montesquieu

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