Marshall W. Nirenberg’s profile picture

Marshall W. Nirenberg

Biochemist and Geneticist
Marshall W. Nirenberg’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States
Country: United States
BirthDay: 10 April 1927
Sigh: Taurus
Died On: January 15, 2010

Marshall W. Nirenberg was bornon 10 April 1927 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States, American, is Biochemist and Geneticist. Marshall W. Nirenberg was an American biochemist and geneticist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968 with Har Gobind Khorana and Robert W. Holley for "breaking the genetic code." He also won several other prestigious awards for his contributions to genetics and biochemistry. Born in New York City, he developed an early interest in biology. As a young man he attended the University of Florida at Gainesville from where he earned his B. Sc. and M. Sc. degrees in Zoology before working for his Ph. D. degree from the Department of Biological Chemistry at the University of Michigan. He eventually became a research biochemist at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) where he initially focused his research on DNA, RNA and protein. In collaboration with H. Matthaei he demonstrated that messenger RNA is required for protein synthesis and that synthetic messenger RNA preparations can be used to decipher various aspects of the genetic code. His groundbreaking research led to his appointment as the head of the Section of Biochemical Genetics at the National Heart Institute, a position he served in until his death decades later. His later research focused on neuroscience, neural development, and the homeobox genes.


He suffered from cancer during his last months and died on January 15, 2010, aged 82


Weissman, Professor of Epidemiology and Psychiatry at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 2005


In 1962, Nirenberg was promoted to the head of the Section of Biochemical Genetics in the National Heart Institute (now the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute), a position he held until his death


Marshall Nirenberg in collaboration with Heinrich Matthaei became the first team to elucidate the nature of a codon, in 1961, at the National Institutes of Health


He began to study the steps that relate DNA, RNA and protein in 1959


In 1957, he began his postdoctoral work with DeWitt Stetten Jr


degree in 1948 and a master's degree in zoology in 1952


Marshall Warren Nirenberg was born on April 10, 1927, in New York City, to Minerva (Bykowsky) and Harry Edward Nirenberg, a shirtmaker

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