Madan Mohan Malaviya’s profile picture

Madan Mohan Malaviya

Politician & Educationist
Madan Mohan Malaviya’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Residence: Allahabad, India
Country: Indian
BirthDay: 25 December 1861
Sigh: Capricorn
Died On: November 12, 1946

Madan Mohan Malaviya was bornon 25 December 1861 in Allahabad, India, Indian, is Politician & Educationist. ‘Bharat Ratna’ Madan Mohan Malaviya was a veteran Indian statesman, educationist and independence activist. Decades long political career of Malaviya saw him serving as President of the ‘Indian National Congress’ four times. He is remembered as founder of the largest residential university of Asia and one of the largest in the world, the ‘Banaras Hindu University’ (BHU). For almost two decades he served as Vice Chancellor of the BHU, the university with departments in sciences, medical, engineering, technology, law, agriculture, arts and performing arts with strength of over 35,000 students. He was a proponent of Hindu nationalism and remained a member of ‘Hindu Mahasabha’, serving as President in two of its special sessions held in Gaya and Kashi. He founded the ‘Ganga Mahasabha’ in Haridwar. Malaviya and other imminent Indian personalities established ‘Scouting in India’ as an overseas branch of the ‘Scout Association’ of the UK. He was the founder of ‘The Leader’ an English-newspaper published from Allahabad that gradually became influential. People used to address him as Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya out of respect. He was fondly called Mahamana, a title conferred by Mahatma Gandhi. He popularised the slogan "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone will triumph) from the ‘Mundakopanishad’ expressing that it should be the slogan for the country.


The train ‘Mahamana Express’, launched on January 22, 2016, is named after him


He remained Vice-Chancellor of the University till 1939


Disenchanted with the ‘Communal Award’, he split away from the Congress along with Madhav Shrihari Aney and the duo founded ‘Congress Nationalist Party’ in 1934


He became the President of Congress for the fourth time in Calcutta in 1933


On April 25, 1932, around 450 Congress volunteers along with Malaviya were arrested in Delhi


In 1931 he attended the ‘Second Round Table Conference’ as a delegate


However in 1924, following the Chauri-chaura incident of 1922 he appeared before the Allahabad High Court to defend the 177 freedom fighters, who were sentenced to be hanged by the Sessions Court, and became successful in getting 156 acquitted


This is how the largest residential University of Asia, the ‘Banaras Hindu University’ was formed in 1916 after passing a Parliamentary legislation, the ‘B


In 1912 he became a member of the ‘Imperial Legislative Council’ and continued to be so when it was transformed into the ‘Central Legislative Assembly’ in 1919, his membership remained till 1926


To dedicate fully to the cause of social work and education, Malaviya relinquished his well set up law practice in 1911 and vowed to lead a life of a Sanyasi


He was elected the president of the 'Indian National Congress’ in In 1909 and 1918


His other journalistic endeavors included founding of Hindi weekly, ‘Abhyudaya’ in 1907 and serving as its editor, later transforming it to a daily in 1915; founding the English newspaper ‘Leader’ (1909), serving as its Editor (1909-11) and later as President (1911-19); starting Hindi paper ‘Maryada’ (1910); acquiring and thus saving ‘Hindustan Times’ from dying out in 1924 with the aid of M


Annie Besant, a leading British women's rights activist, socialist, theosophist, orator and writer, who founded the ‘Central Hindu College’ (1898), met Malaviya in April 1911


In 1893 he started practicing in Allahabad High Court


, he began to practice in Allahabad District Court in 1891


While studying Law, in 1889 he started working as editor of English daily, ‘Indian Opinion’


Malaviya accepted the offer of Singh and left his school job to join the paper as its editor in July 1887


While attending the second ‘Indian National Congress’ session in Calcutta in December 1886, he expressed his views on representations in Councils and impressed Dadabhai Naoroji, chairman of the session as also Raja Rampal Singh of Kalakankar estate (Pratapgarh District)


He wanted to pursue masters in Sanskrit, but the financial condition of his family forced him to take up a job of a teacher at the Government high school in Allahabad in July 1884, drawing a monthly salary of Rs


Here he began to write poems with pseudonym ‘Makarand’, which were later published during 1883-84 in ‘Harischandra Chandrika’ magazine


In 1879 he completed his matriculation from ‘Muir Central College’ (presently the ‘Allahabad University’)


In 1878 he married Kumari Devi of Mirzapur and had two sons Ramakant Malaviya and Govind Malaviya


He was born on December 25, 1861, in Allahabad, India, in a Brahmin family to Pandit Brij Nath and his wife Moona Devi as their fifth child among five sons and two daughters

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