M. S. Swaminathan’s profile picture

M. S. Swaminathan

Agricultural Scientist
M. S. Swaminathan’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Kumbakonam
Country: Indian
BirthDay: 7 August 1925
Sigh: Virgo
Education: Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, University of Wisconsin-Madison, University of Cambridge, Maharaja's College, Ernakulam
BIOGRAPHY

M. S. Swaminathan was bornon 7 August 1925 in Kumbakonam, Indian, is Agricultural Scientist. Dr. M.S. Swaminathan is a renowned Indian geneticist and administrator, who made a stellar contribution in the success of India's Green Revolution program; the program went a long way in making India self-sufficient in wheat and rice production. He was deeply influenced by his father who was a surgeon and social reformer. After graduating in zoology, he enrolled in Madras Agricultural College and graduated with a B.Sc. in Agricultural Science. His choice of career as a geneticist was influenced by the great Bengal famine of 1943 during which scarcity of food resulted in many deaths. Philanthropic by nature, he wanted to help poor farmers increase their food production. He began his career by joining the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in New Delhi and eventually played the lead role in India’s ‘Green Revolution’, an agenda under which high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice saplings were distributed to poor farmers. In the decades that followed, he held research and administrative positions in various offices of Government of India and introduced the Mexican semi dwarf wheat plants as well as modern farming methods in India. He has been acclaimed by the TIME magazine as one of the twenty most influential Asians of the twentieth century. He has also been honoured with several national and international awards for his contribution to the field of agriculture and biodiversity.

TIMELINE
2025

Presently, he is also a member of the Leadership Council of Compact 2025, an organization that guides decision-makers at eradicating malnutrition in the next decade

2010

August 2010 onwards, he has been a member of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research Society and September 2010 onwards, he has been a member of the Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests

2007

August 2007 onwards, he has been a member of the Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Agriculture, UNESCO-Cousteau Professor in Ecotechnology for Asia, Adjunct Professor in the field of Ecotechnology at Centre for Advanced Study in Botany, University of Madras, and IGNOU Chair on Sustainable Development

2005

In 2005, he was Chairman of the Expert Group for a Review of Coastal Zone Regulation, and Chairman of the Task Group on Revamping and Re-focussing National Agricultural Research System

2004

From 2004–06, he was Chairman of the National Commission on Farmers, Government of India

2002

From 2002–2007, he was President of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

2000

From 2000–2001 he was Chairman of the Tenth Plan Steering Committee in the area of Agriculture and allied sectors

1999

In 1999, he implemented the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Trust

1998

In 1998, he was Chairman of Committee to draft a National Biodiversity Act

1996

From 1996–98, he was Chairman of Committee on Remedying Regional Imbalances in Agriculture, Government of India

1994

From 1994 to 1997, he was Chairman of Committee for Research on Agricultural Exports in the context of the World Trade Agreement, Government of India

1993

In 1993–94, he was Chairman of Expert Group for the preparation of a draft National Population Policy

1989

From 1989-90, he was Chairman of the Core Committee for the preparation of a National Environment Policy under Government of India

1988

From 1988–98, he was Chairman of various committees of the Government of India to prepare draft legislations related to Biodiversity Act

1986

From 1986–99, he was Chairman of the editorial advisory board, World Resources Institute, Washington, D

1984

From 1984–90, he was President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

1982

From April 1982 to January 1988, he was Director-General of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines

1981

He has written several research papers and books on Agricultural Science and Biodiversity like ‘Building a National Food Security System, 1981’, ‘Sustainable Agriculture: Towards an Evergreen Revolution, 1996’, etc

1980

From June 1980 to April 1982, he was a member of Planning Commission – (Agriculture, Rural Development, Science and Education) of India

1979

From 1979–80 he was Principal Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Government of India

1972

From 1972–79, he was Director-General of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) under Government of India

1971

From 1971–77, he was a member of the National Commission on Agriculture

1966

He became the Director of IARI in 1966 and continued till 1972

1955

Swaminathan is married to Mrs Mina Swaminathan since 11 April, 1955

1954

Meanwhile, he was also associated with the Central Rice Research Institute at Cuttack, from 1954–72

1952

and earned his PhD in 1952 for the thesis titled “Species Differentiation and the Nature of Polyploidy in certain species of the genus Solanum – section Tuberarium

1950

In 1950, he joined the School of Agriculture, University of Cambridge, U

1947

In 1947, he joined the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi and completed his post-graduation in genetics and plant breeding in 1949

1943

The Bengal famine of 1943 motivated him to pursue a career in agricultural sciences

1925

Swaminathan was born on 7 August, 1925 in Kumbakonam, Madras Presidency, to Dr

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