Louis Pasteur’s profile picture

Louis Pasteur

Chemist and Microbiologist
Louis Pasteur’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France
Country: French
BirthDay: 27 December 1822
Sigh: Capricorn
Died On: September 28, 1895
Education: École Normale Supérieure

Louis Pasteur was bornon 27 December 1822 in Dole, Jura, Franche-Comté, France, French, is Chemist and Microbiologist. Louis Pasteur was a French chemist and microbiologist who developed the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax. He is also credited with the invention of the technique of treating milk and wine to stop bacterial contamination, a process named “pasteurization” after him. One of the pioneers in the field of microbiology, Pasteur, along with Ferdinand Cohn and Robert Koch, is regarded as one of the three main founders of bacteriology. Born as the son of a tanner who had served in the Napoleonic Wars, Louis grew up listening to his father’s patriotic tales which instilled in him a deep love for his country. As a young boy he loved to draw and paint, but his parents wanted him to focus on his studies. He was an average student who even failed in his first attempt to clear the entrance test for École Normale Supérieur though he eventually went on complete his doctorate. In his career as a chemist he disproved many of the long-held erroneous “scientific” beliefs such as the concept of spontaneous generation. He received international acclaim for developing the first vaccination against rabies and for his seminal work in the field of germ theory. Although much renowned for his groundbreaking scientific works, Pasteur’s life has also been the subject of several controversies.


In the 19th century rabies was a much dreaded disease, and Pasteur and his colleagues began working on a vaccine


He died on September 28, 1895 and was given a state funeral


He was severely impaired following a stroke in 1894 stroke and never recovered fully


In 1887, he established the Pasteur Institute and served as its director for the rest of his life


Pasteur first administered the vaccine to a nine-year old boy who had been bitten by a rabid dog in 1885


His first important work in the field of vaccination came in 1879 while studying a disease called chicken cholera


He patented the method, which became known as pasteurization in 1865


He became a professor of geology, physics, and chemistry at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in 1862 and held this position until his resignation in 1867


In 1857, he was selected to be the director of scientific studies at the École Normale Supérieure where he served till 1867


He became the dean of the new faculty of sciences at Lille University in 1854 where he began his studies on fermentation


While working as a professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg, he fell in love with Marie Laurent, daughter of the university's rector, and married her in 1849


In 1848, he was appointed professor of physics at the Dijon Lycée


He entered the École Normale Supérieure (a teachers’ college in Paris) in 1843 and received his Master of Science degree in 1845 and then acquired an advanced degree in physical sciences


After completing his primary education he joined the Collège Royal de Besançon in 1839 and he earned his Bachelor of Arts degree (1840) and Bachelor of Science degree (1842)


Louis Pasteur was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, Jura, France, as the third child of Jean-Joseph Pasteur and Jeanne-Etiennette Roqui

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