Leo Tolstoy was bornon 9 September 1828 in Yasnaya Polyana, Soviet Russian, Russian. A celebrated writer, a recognized moralist and a distinguished social reformer – Leo Tolstoy needs no introduction of sorts. He is regarded as the greatest Russian literary giant, who gave the world some of the most remarkable piece of writings. A master of realistic fiction, Tolstoy’s novels are even today considered amongst the finest literary works. Through his works, Tolstoy not just became one of the greatest writers ever known, but a living symbol of someone in search of life’s meaning. What is interesting to note is that Tolstoy’s panache for writing enabled him to bring out masterpieces from everyday activities of people. He possessed a gift for describing his characters and their purpose with élan. Most of Tolstoy’s stories are built around his fond and lasting memories of childhood. While Tolstoy had an emotionally toiling early life, much of his later life was built around moralistic and ascetic views. He experienced a spiritual awakening in the last three decades of his life, post which he became a moral thinker and social reformer. It was his doctrine of non-resistance to evil which inspired Mahatma Gandhi and influenced the latter into walking on the path of non-cooperation and non-violence. Not just Gandhi, Tolstoy had a great influence on Martin Luther King Jr as well. His works, ‘War and Peace’, ‘Anna Karenina’ and ‘The Death of Ivan Ilyich’, still rank among the world's top literary pieces.
Tolstoy breathed his last on November 20, 1910, at the home of the stationmaster of Astapovo, who rendered Tolstoy his house for rest
In 1862, Tolstoy tied the nuptial knot with Sofya Andreyevna Bers, daughter of a court physician
The transfer did not help him much as he left the University of Kazan in 1847 without a degree
In 1843, he enrolled at the University of Kazan for an Oriental language program
His ideas of non-violent resistance to evil inspired India’s pivotal 20th century political figure, Mahatma Gandhi so much so that Gandhi acclaimed him as the ‘the greatest apostle of non-violence that the present age has produced’