José Napoleón Duarte’s profile picture

José Napoleón Duarte

Salvadoran Political figure
José Napoleón Duarte’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $20 Million
Industry: Presidents
Residence: Santa Ana
Country: Salvadoran
BirthDay: 23 November 1925
Died On: February 23, 1990
Education: University of Notre Dame
BIOGRAPHY

José Napoleón Duarte was bornon 23 November 1925 in Santa Ana, Salvadoran, is Salvadoran Political figure. Jose Napoleon Duarte was the President of El Salvador from 1984 to 1989. He was a major political figure even before he became the president and had served as the mayor of San Salvador during the late 1960s. A principled man who genuinely cared about the welfare of his citizens, he played a key role in establishing new schools and providing basic amenities to the people during his tenure as the mayor. Following his successful stint as the mayor, he first ran for the presidency during the early 1970s. He was popular and well respected by the people and thus his election seemed likely. However, the incumbent military administration did not want him to win and thus halted the elections. Duarte supported a group of left-wing military officers in an attempted coup d'état in a bid to overthrow the government and was arrested and tortured because of this. He was also forced to go into exile in Venezuela for several years. But ever the resilient man, he came back to his homeland, determined to bring about a change. He again ran for presidency in 1984 and was successful in defeating ARENA party leader Roberto D'Aubuisson. As president he implemented measures to control the civil war and attempted to bring down the level of poverty in his country.

TIMELINE
1989

He handed over his power democratically to Alfredo Cristiani in June 1989 as he was unable to fulfill his duties due to his failing health

1988

Jose Napoleon Duarte was diagnosed with advanced stomach cancer in June 1988 and underwent treatment in the US

1984

He assumed office as the President of El Salvador on 1 June 1984

1980

Duarte returned to El Salvador in 1980 and joined the Junta and became politically active

1974

He once attempted to return to his motherland in 1974 but was promptly arrested and sent back to Venezuela

1972

The election was viewed as fraudulent and he, along with some left-wing military officers attempted a coup d'état in March 1972

1970

Thus he resigned as a mayor in 1970 to run for the president

1966

He proved himself to be an able mayor who genuinely cared about the citizens and was conveniently re-elected to the post in 1966 and 1968

1964

Duarte, as a principled and charismatic politician easily won the election in 1964 as mayor of San Salvador

1960

His early interest in politics was rekindled in 1960 when a leftist-supported coup d'état overthrew the government of Col

1956

José María Lemus who had been in power since 1956

1944

He studied at the Liceo Salvadoreño and in his senior high school year (1944), he took part in the student protests against the then-President General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez

1925

Jose Napoleon Duarte was born on 23 November, 1925, in Santa Ana, El Salvador

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