John Jay’s profile picture

John Jay

First Chief Justice of the United States
John Jay’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $16 Million
Industry: Miscellaneous
Residence: New York City
Country: United States
BirthDay: 12 December 1745
Sigh: Capricorn
Died On: 17 May 1829
Education: Columbia University, Columbia College of Columbia University in the City of New York
BIOGRAPHY

John Jay was bornon 12 December 1745 in New York City, American, is First Chief Justice of the United States. John Jay was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the first Chief Justice of the newly-independent nation. Jay was a true patriot and was among the American commissioners who negotiated with Great Britain during the United States’ struggle for independence from British colonial rule. A qualified lawyer, he served as the first Chief Justice of the United States and played an important role in American politics during the early years of the newly-independent former colonies. Born into a wealthy family as the son of a prominent businessman, he enjoyed a privileged childhood and was homeschooled as a young boy. He proved to be a good student and went on to study law under the prominent lawyer and politician Benjamin Kissam. Soon he became a qualified lawyer and set up his own successful practice. He also ventured into politics and attended the First Continental Congress. He actively opposed British rule when the American Revolution broke out though he was initially skeptical regarding the separation of America from Britain. Nonetheless, he became a negotiator of the Treaty of Paris by which Great Britain recognized American independence and went on to serve as the Secretary of Foreign Affairs, helping to fashion United States foreign policy. Initially a slave holder himself, he also gained considerable fame as a tireless crusader for the abolition of slavery.

TIMELINE
1801

He served two terms as the governor and dealt with issues related to judicial reform, penal reform and the abolition of slavery before retiring from public life in 1801

1795

He returned to America in 1795 and discovered that he had been elected the new Governor of New York in his absence

1794

In 1794, Washington sent John Jay to negotiate a treaty with Great Britain, in order to resolve outstanding issues between the two countries

1792

In 1792, Jay ran for the governor of New York as a Federalist candidate but was defeated by Democratic-Republican George Clinton

1790

As the Chief Justice, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1790

1789

President George Washington appointed Jay as the Chief Justice of the United States in 1789

1784

Upon returning to America, he served as the second Secretary of Foreign Affairs from 1784 to 1789

1783

The negotiations culminated in the signing of the Treaty of Paris in September 1783

1777

In May 1777, the New York's Provincial Congress elected Jay the Chief Justice of the New York Supreme Court of Judicature, a position he held for two years

1776

The United States of America achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1776

1774

In September 1774, he attended the First Continental Congress as a delegate

1771

A qualified lawyer, he went on to establish his own legal practice in 1771

1770

During the 1770s he became a member of the New York Committee of Correspondence and eventually became its secretary

1768

He proceeded to study law under Benjamin Kissam, a prominent lawyer and politician and completed his legal studies in 1768 following which he was admitted to the bar of New York

1760

He joined King’s College in 1760 and met many people during this period who would greatly influence his thinking

1745

John Jay was born on December 12, 1745, in New York City, New York, British America, to Peter Jay and Mary Van Cortlandt as one of their ten children

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