J. M. W. Turner’s profile picture

J. M. W. Turner

Romanticist landscape painter
J. M. W. Turner’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Painters
Residence: Covent Garden
Country: British
BirthDay: 23 April 1775
Sigh: Taurus
Died On: December 19, 1851
Education: Royal Academy of Arts

J. M. W. Turner was bornon 23 April 1775 in Covent Garden, British, is Romanticist landscape painter. J.M.W. Turner was an English Romanticist landscape painter who is most renowned for the dramatic and atmospheric treatment of light in his works. Born in London, his father was a barber and due to his mother's unstable mental condition, the young Turner was sent to live with his uncle in rural England. It was during this period that he began his artistic career and after serving as an assistant to various architects at a young age, he was enrolled in the Royal Academy of Arts at the age of 14. He was a successful artist from an early age and established a pattern of work in which he used to travel during the summer, sketching and finding inspiration, and returned home to develop his paintings during the winter. He traveled extensively in Britain and also made trips to Switzerland, Paris and Italy, returning to Venice a number of times. Inspired by the works of art as well as the light and scenery, some of his most remarkable paintings include 'Fishermen at Sea' and 'Rain, Steam and Speed'. As a landscape painter, he brought luminosity and Romantic imagery to his subjects and by the end of his life, Turner's painting had become almost abstract. Known as the ‘Painter of Light’, Turner was perhaps the greatest landscape painter of the 19th century and his magnificent works consisting of watercolors, oil paintings and engravings are now regarded as a predecessor to Impressionism.


Turner died on December 19, 1851, in the house of Sophia Caroline Booth, in Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, London, England, and was buried in St Paul's Cathedral


In 1850, Turner exhibited his works for the last time


Some of his magnificent late works include ‘The ‘Fighting Téméraire’ Tugged to Her Last Berth to Be Broken Up, 1838’ (1839), and ‘Rain, Steam, and Speed’ (1844)


In 1819, Joseph Turner set out on his first visit to Italy and during his journey, he made about 1,500 drawings


His masterpiece of this period is the ‘Dort or Dortrecht: The Dort Packet Boat from Rotterdam Becalmed’ (1818), a tribute to Aelbert Cuyp


He is also considered one of the founders of English watercolor landscape painting and some of his famous works include ‘Dido Building Carthage’ (1815), ‘The Grand Canal, Venice’ (1835), and ‘Peace - Burial at Sea’ (1842)


Mawes at the Pilchard Season’ (1812) and ‘Frosty Morning’ (1813) became increasingly luminous and atmospheric in quality


In 1807, Turner accepted a position as professor of perspective at the Royal Academy, where he lectured until 1828


In 1804, he opened a private gallery where he displayed his paintings for several seasons


In 1802, he travelled widely through Europe, including France and Switzerland, and also studied at the Louvre in Paris


In 1796, Turner exhibited his oil painting ‘Fishermen at Sea’, a nocturnal moonlit scene of The Needles off the Isle of Wight


It was not long before his father spotTed Turner’s artistic talent and finally, in 1789, he was admitted to The Royal Academy of Arts


In 1785, after his mother was diagnosed with signs of mental illness, she was admitted to hospital and Turner was sent to live with his maternal uncle at Brentford


(Joseph Mallord William Turner) was born on April 23, 1775, in Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, London, England, to William Turner, a barber, and his wife, Mary Marshall

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