Isaac Newton was bornon 4 January 1643 in Woolsthorpe Manor, United Kingdom, British, is Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer. An extraordinary genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and the most influential scientist who ever lived. One of the paramount contributors of the 17th century Scientific Revolution, he developed the principles of modern physics which he laid out in his book, ‘Philosophiae, Natrualis, Principia Mathematica’. Popularly known as Principia, the book highlighted the concepts of universal gravitation and laws of motions which remained at the forefront of science for centuries after. Furthermore, he worked on and developed the theory of color. He was the first to lay out the fact that color is an intrinsic property of light and that when reflected, scattered or transmitted, a white light decomposed into numerous colors that are visible in the spectrum or in the rainbow. He was responsible for building the first practical telescope. Newton also contributed to the study of power series, generalised the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, and developed method for approximating the roots of a function. Apart from all the aforementioned, Newton made noteworthy and substantial contribution in the field of alchemy and theology as well. In his life, he held numerous significant positions such as serving as the Lucasian Professor of mathematics, President of the Royal Society and Warden and Master of the Mint. Thus, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that Newton, single-handedly, achieved milestones in physics that laid the groundwork for future discoveries by scientists across the globe.
For about a decade, from 1978 until 1988, an image of Newton appeared on Series D'1 banknotes issued by the Bank of England
Newton breathed his last on March 31, 1727, in his sleep after experiencing severe pain in his abdomen
Newton postponed the ordination indefinitely but could not prolong it further in 1669 when he was elected for the prestigious Lucasian Chair, an appointment for which ordination was a prerequisite
Newton made significant contribution to the theory of finite differences and was the first to employ fractional indices and coordinate geometry to derive solutions to Diophantine equationsHe returned to Cambridge in 1667 as a Fellow of Trinity
His work on fluxions or calculus was featured in the manuscript of 1666, which was later published with his mathematical papers
A plague epidemic of 1665 forced the shutdown of the college for two years, which Newton spent at his home in Woolsthorpe
He then enrolled himself as a sizar at the Trinity College, Cambridge in 1661