Indira Gandhi was bornon 19 November 1917 in Allahabad, Indian. Popularly known as the Iron Lady of India, Indira Gandhi earned a formidable reputation across the globe as a ‘statesman’. Her sheer sense of politics and exceptional skills catapulted her position in the Indian politics, so much so that she went on to become the first woman elected to head a democratic country. Till date, she is the only woman to hold the office. Born in a politically influential dynasty and growing in an intense political atmosphere, Indira Gandhi had learned the trick of the trade quite early in life. She possessed an authoritarian streak and became the central figure of the Indian National Congress party, post her father’s death. She was known for her political ruthlessness and extraordinary centralization of power. It was during her premiership that India became the regional power in South Asia with considerable political, economic, and military clout. She also presided over a state of emergency and made considerable changes to the Indian Constitution. She used the army to resolve numerous internal disputes and encouraged a culture of sycophancy and nepotism, due to which she rubbed many Indians on the wrong side. Gandhi initialized the Operation Blue Star, which gave her a critical reputation and eventually scripted her assassination.
She was also named ‘Woman of the Millennium’ in a poll organised by the BBC in 1999
An annual award for National Integration, Indira Gandhi Award was conceptualized and established by the Indian National Congress in 1985
She imposed a State of Emergency in India in June 1975, which lasted for 21 months until March 1975
They got married in March 1942 and were later blessed with two sons - Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi