Homi Bhabha’s profile picture

Homi Bhabha

Indian physicist
Homi Bhabha’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Mumbai, India
Country: Indian
BirthDay: 30 October 1909
Sigh: Scorpio
Died On: January 24, 1966

Homi Bhabha was bornon 30 October 1909 in Mumbai, India, Indian, is Indian physicist. The man who pioneered the Indian nuclear research programme, Homi Jahangir Bhabha was a nuclear physicist who laid the foundation for nuclear research in India. Often hailed as the “father of Indian nuclear programme’, Bhabha was not only a scientist, but also a visionary and an institution builder. From childhood, he was an intelligent and hard working student and his parents dreamed of him becoming a mechanical engineer. However, young Bhabha’s interest laid in studying physics and not in becoming an engineer. Yet he honored his parents’ wish and completed his degree in mechanical engineering. His parents too respected their son’s true interest and supported him in his pursuit of scientific research. Bhabha studied in Europe where he became acquainted with many great physicists of his time, and was determined to contribute to India’s scientific research upon his return. He had very ambitious plans and upon returning to his home country, he set about establishing the Cosmic Ray Research Unit. He helped to formulate India’s strategy in the field of nuclear power for which he is fondly remembered as the father of Indian nuclear power. The great scientist’s brilliant career was cut short by a plane crash which claimed his life.


He was abroad the Air India Flight 101 which crashed near Mont Blanc in the Alps on 24 January, 1966


He also played a key role in the formation of Atomic Energy Commission in 1948 and the Department of Atomic Energy in 1954


Thus he decided to solicit the support of the visionary and industrialist, Dorabji Jamsetji TataThe Tata Trust accepted his proposal and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was established in 1945 in Bombay which had the facilities for conducting large scale research in physics, chemistry, electronics and mathematics


In 1944, Bhabha felt that India needed laboratories and facilities to conduct research in nuclear science


A visionary, he had realized the importance of nuclear research programme way back in the 1940s when India was still under British rule!He envisioned a three stage nuclear programme consisting of utilization of natural uranium, thorium and plutonium in advanced nuclear reactors with closed full circle


In 1939 he went to India for a brief vacation when the World War II broke out and this prevented him from returning to Cambridge


For his work Bhabha was awarded the Senior Studentship in 1937 which helped him continue his work at Cambridge


Along with Niels Bohr he published a paper, ‘The Passage of Fast Electrons and the Theory of Cosmic Showers’ in 1936 in which they described how primary cosmic rays from outer space interact with the upper atmosphere


He published a paper in the ‘Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A’, in 1935 in which he gave the calculation to determine the cross section of electron-positron scattering


In 1933, he received his doctorate in nuclear physics and published his first scientific paper, ‘The Absorption of Cosmic radiation’ which helped him win the Isaac Newton Studentship in 1934 which he held for the next three years


During the 1930s, nuclear physics was an emerging field that often set off hot debates in the scientific community


Then he studied at the Royal Institute of Science till 1927

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