Hernán Cortés’s profile picture

Hernán Cortés

Spanish conquistador
Hernán Cortés’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $20 Million
Industry: Soldiers
Residence: Medellín, Spain
Country: Spanish
Died On: December 2, 1547
Education: University of Salamanca

Hernán Cortés was born in Medellín, Spain, Spanish, is Spanish conquistador. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish soldier, better known as the conqueror of Mexico, whose rags-to-riches story inspired numerous Spanish adventurers to explore the New World. His several expeditions brought land, power and wealth to him, thus entitling him as the greatest Spanish conqueror in the Central America. Besides conquering empires and increasing his land share, he is also credited for discovering the peninsula of California. He led the successful and audacious conquest of the great empire of the Aztecs, becoming the governor of the newly formed New Spain, or Mexico City, and enabling the Spanish rule over Mexico and Central America for nearly 300 years. The increasing value of cacao beans in Mexico, which were used as currency, encouraged him to start plantations in Mexico, Haiti, Java, Trinidad and other areas across the Caribbean, thus enabling the Spanish to rule the cocoa industry for several years. For his discoveries and expeditions, he was honored by King Charles I of Spain. However, his later years didn’t prove fruitful due to his differences with the new viceroy of Mexico, which led to his downfall, thereby forcing him to spend most of his time seeking recognition and rewards for his achievements in the Spanish royal court


Upon his arrival in Seville while traveling back to Mexico in 1547, he fell ill with dysentery and died on December 2, 1547 due to pleurisy, in Castilleja de la Cuesta, at the age of 62


In 1541, he traveled back to Spain, where he was ignored and received a cold welcome from King Charles


In 1536, he set out to explore Central America in search of a gulf leading to the Pacific from the Atlantic


Despite diminished authority, Hernán Cortés went back to Mexico in 1530 to continue his conquests through his military power


His second marriage to Spanish nobelwoman, Dona Juana Ramirez de Arellano de Zuniga, in 1529 resulted in four offspring – son Don Martin Cortes y Zuniga and daughters Dona Maria, Dona Catalina and Dona Juana


On returning to Mexico, he lost his position and traveled to Spain in 1528 to appeal justice from King Charles


He secured various opportunities to explore new areas in search of wealth and land, including his expedition to Honduras in 1524 defeating Cristobal de Olid, who was ruling Honduras under the orders of Velasquez


The Spanish colonists established a New Spain, naming it Mexico City, which served as the centre of Spanish America, with Cortes being made the governor, captain general and chief justice, in 1523, by King Charles I of Spain


The marriage ended with Catalina’s mysterious death in New Mexico, in 1522


He headed towards Tabasco and won the battle against the natives, in March 1519


In 1518, just before he was about to set sail for an expedition to Mexico, Velasquez canceled the commission; however, he ignored the orders and proceeded with 500 men, 11 vessels, 13 horses and some cannons


In 1511, Hernán Cortés joined the expedition of Cuba under Diego Velasquez as a secretary rather than a soldier


Being adventurous, he boarded the ship commanded by Alonso Quintero heading to Hispaniola, in 1504, where he was received by Governor Nicolas de Ovando upon reaching the capital city, Santo Domingo


However, he returned back two years later in 1501, due to lack of interest in studies


Hernan Cortes de Monroy y Pizarro was born in 1485 in Medellin, western Spain, to infantry captain Martin Cortes de Monroy and Catalina Pizarro Altamirano

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