Herbert Spencer was bornon 27 April 1820 in Derby, Derbyshire, England, British, is Philosopher. Herbert Spencer, a leading figure in the intellectual revolution of the nineteenth century England, was a noted philosopher, sociologist, biologist, anthropologist and a political theorist. Born to a nonconformist father, he was educated at home first by his father and then by his uncle in mathematics and science. Later he acquired his vast knowledge as much through personal reading as from conversations with his friends. He was an early advocate of the theory of evolution, coining the famous phrase, ‘Survival of the Fittest’. He believed that the principles of evolution, including the theory of the natural selection, apply as much to the human societies as to individual beings and other biological species. He also advocated the supremacy of individual over society and science over religion. However, he believed that individualism would come into effect only after a socialist era and subsequent war. Though himself a liberal, he feared that in coming days liberalism will give rise to a new kind of despotism, far worse than any despot of the past.
Although there was a rumor that he was romantically inclined to Mary Ann Evans (George Elliot), he had denied that in his autobiography, which was published posthumously in 1904
Herbert Spencer died on 8 December 1903 due to poor health
‘The Man Versus the State’, published in 1884, is said to be Herbert Spencer’s most famous work
'Survival of the Fittest', the phrase he coined in 1864, continues to intrigue thinkers around the world
From 1855, he developed hypochondria, a mental ailment that remained with him throughout his life