Henri Bergson’s profile picture

Henri Bergson

Philosopher and Writer
Henri Bergson’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $250,000
Industry: Writers
Residence: Paris
Country: French
BirthDay: 18 October 1859
Sigh: Scorpio
Died On: January 4, 1941
Education: École Normale Supérieure, University of Toronto Mississauga, Lycée Condorcet
BIOGRAPHY

Henri Bergson was bornon 18 October 1859 in Paris, French, is Philosopher and Writer. Henri-Louis Bergson was a well-known philosopher born in the nineteenth century France in a Jewish family of considerable repute. Although he excelled in science and mathematics at school he later opted for humanities and went on to become one of the most influential philosophers of his era. His doctoral thesis, ‘Time and Free Will: An Essay on the Immediate Data of Consciousness’, later published in book form, earned him wide acclaim. Later he penned a number of major and minor works, among which ‘Creative Evolution’ became an instant hit. Although Bergson did not give rise to any school of philosophy, many renowned philosophers were influenced by his thoughts. However, he was more than just a philosopher. In 1927, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for “his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented". He was also a man of great principle and courage. Although he was planning to convert to Roman Catholic faith, he changed his mind when he foresaw that Jews may soon be persecuted. Moreover, he arose from his sick bed to register as Jew when that was made mandatory. This was in spite of the fact that he was exempted from such registration.

TIMELINE
1937

By 1937 he began toying with the idea of converting to the Catholic faith

1932

In 1932, Bergson published his next major work, ‘Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion’ (The Two Sources of Morality and Religion)

1919

Later in 1919, he published a collection of these lecture in a book form

1914

In 1914, he retired from the active duty from Collège de France so that he could concentrate on his academic works

1913

In May 1913, he went back to England and accepted the post of the President of British Society for Psychical Research

1907

‘L'Évolution créatrice’ (Creative Evolution), published in 1907, is the most popular among Bergson’s four major works

1903

Meanwhile he continued publishing many papers, out of which ‘Introduction à la Métaphysique’ (1903) is most important

1901

In 1901, he was elected as a member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques, one of the five academies of Institut de France

1900

’Le rire’, Essai sur la signification du comique’ (Laughter, an essay on the meaning of the comic), published in 1900, is a collection of three essays through which he tried to determine the process of comic, not its effects

1898

In 1898, he joined his alma mater, École Normale Supérieure, as Maître de conférences (associate professor)

1896

His second major work, ‘Matière et mémoire’ (Matter and Memory) was published in 1896

1889

In 1889, he was awarded his doctoral degree by University of Paris

1888

In 1888, he went back to Paris and for few months and taught at College Rollin

1886

His first work, ‘On Unconscious Simulation in States of Hypnosis’ was published in the Revue Philosophique in 1886

1881

Henri Bergson passed out from École Normale Supérieure in 1881

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