Hafez al-Assad’s profile picture

Hafez al-Assad

Former President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $1.6 Million
Industry: Presidents
Residence: Qardaha, Syria
Country: Syrian
BirthDay: 6 October 1930
Sigh: Scorpio
Died On: June 10, 2000
BIOGRAPHY

Hafez al-Assad was bornon 6 October 1930 in Qardaha, Syria, Syrian, is Former President of Syria. Hafez al-Assad gained prominence as the leader of Syria for a generation spanning from 1971 until his death. He was involved in some of the most important wars and conflicts of the previous century. The authoritarian leader participated in every major event in the Middle East and was also crucially involved in many world events. He was a career military man and was eventually promoted to head of the Air Force. He participated in two coups against existing Syrian governments and finally seized complete power for himself. He then went on to create a cult of personality with total military and government rule of the economy and society. His one-party state monopolized power and allowed Assad a free reign. He rewarded members of his Allawite religion and promoted fellow members to places of authority. When challenges to his authority arose, he crushed them without hesitancy or mercy. During his rule, he counted on the Soviet Union to support his state. He tirelessly opposed the words of America and engaged in ground wars with the US allies in the Middle East such as Israel. Overall, Hafez al-Assad led a lasting legacy as a brutal dictator that dominated all of Syria for three decades

TIMELINE
2000

Hafez suffered another massive heart attack on 10th June 2000, but the President was not lucky enough to recover from the attack this time

1983

The autocratic ruler had a major heart attack in November 1983 which created a succession crisis in Syria

1982

In February 1982, his troops surrounded the rebels in the town of Hama and mercilessly bombed the city

1976

Syria intervened in the Lebanese Civil War in 1976 on the side of the Shiites and against the Maronites and Sunnis which were supported by Israel and Egypt

1973

On October 6th 1973 Assad combined with his Egyptian counterparts to launch a surprise attack on Israel

1970

Assad's most important achievement was his seizure of the Syrian presidency from Salah Jidad in 1970

1966

The attack caused tens of thousands of casualties and recaptured some land lost in the ‘6 Day War’ fought in 1966

1950

Hafez al-Assad began his career studying and working in the Syrian Air Force in 1950

1949

He served as President of Syrian Students for the party from 1949 to 1951

1946

As a result of discrimination, he began organizing for the Allawite dominated ‘Ba'ath Party’ in 1946

1930

Hafez al-Assad was born on October 6th 1930 in Qardaha Syria to an Allawite family

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