Grace Hopper’s profile picture

Grace Hopper

Computer Scientist
Grace Hopper’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Soldiers
Residence: New York City
Country: United States
BirthDay: 9 December 1906
Sigh: Capricorn
Died On: January 1, 1992
Education: 1930 - Yale University, 1928 - Vassar College, Wardlaw-Hartridge School, 1934 - Yale University
BIOGRAPHY

Grace Hopper was bornon 9 December 1906 in New York City, American, is Computer Scientist. Grace Murray Hooper was an American computer scientist, who was also responsible for developing the first compiler for computer programming language. Eldest among her siblings, Grace was a curious child and went to Hartridge School in New Jersey for preparatory education. Her attempt to enter the Vassar College was faced with rejection for the first time as she did not have satisfactory marks in Latin. She was accepted the following year, and graduated with her Bachelor’s degree in Physics and Mathematics. Two years later she earned her Master’s degree in the same discipline from Yale University. While doing her PhD under Oystein Ore, she taught in Vassar College, where she earned the position of Associate Professor after ten years of service. During World War II, she joined Navy and was commissioned as a lieutenant. She was assigned to the Bureau of Ordinance Computation Project in Harvard. After her naval duties ended, she joined Remington Rand, where she worked on UNIVAC. She became the Director of automatic programming and sought to find specifications of common business language in computer leading to the discovery of COBOL or Common Business-Oriented Language. This was the first user-friendly computer software and Grace was responsible for advocating the validation process to bring international standardization of computer languages. Read on to know more about her life and works.

TIMELINE
1992

On January 1st, 1992, the renowned computer scientist breathed her last, in Arlington, Virginia

1991

In 1991, she was awarded the ‘National Medal of Technology’

1986

In 1986, she was awarded the ‘Defense Distinguished Service Medal’

1973

In 1973, she was the first woman and the first US citizen to be honoured as the ‘Distinguished Fellow of the British Computer Society’

1969

Awards & AchievementsIn 1969, Grace was awarded the first ‘Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award’ from ‘Data Processing Management Association’

1967

Grace took a leave from ‘Sperry Corporation’ in 1967, to serve in the Navy

1959

In 1959, at the ‘Conference of Data Systems Languages’, Hopper was the technical consultant of the committee

1952

In the year 1952, her team was responsible for creating the first compiler for computers

1950

This company was taken over by Remington Rand in 1950 and was merged with ‘Sperry Corporation’ after five years

1949

In 1949, Grace joined ‘Eckert-Mauchly Corporation’ and was given the position of Senior Mathematician

1946

In 1946, Grace resigned from Vassar to become a research fellow in Harvard’s Computation Laboratory

1945

Grace was married to Vincent Foster Hopper but the couple divorced in 1945

1943

She worked in Vassar till 1943 when she joined United States Naval Reserve to serve her country during wartime

1931

She then began research work for her doctoral degree simultaneously taking up a position as member of faculty at the ‘Vassar College’ in 1931

1930

In 1930, she received her Master’s degree in Mathematics from ‘Yale University’

1928

The next year, Grace was accepted and got her Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics and Physics, when she completed her graduation in 1928

1906

Grace was born on December 9th, 1906 in New York and was the oldest among her siblings

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