Galileo Galilei was bornon 15 February 1564 in Pisa, Italian, is Astronomer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Rebel Scientist, Physicist. Often remembered as the Father of Modern Astronomy, Galileo Galilei was one of the most celebrated and illustrious astronomers, mathematicians and physicists in the history of mankind. He played a major role and was instrumental in establishing the scientific revolution. Galileo is credited for developing much of the modern concepts, which have proved to be the foundation on which research is conducted in the present times. Throughout his life, Galileo greatly contributed to astronomical observatory. He bettered the telescope, which assisted him in his discoveries. He also dismissed the Aristotelian view which was dominant in that era and supported Copernicanism. His contribution in the field of astronomy includes the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Furthermore, he invented an improved military compass and other instruments in the field of applied science and technology. It was his prophesizing the heliocentric view and supporting Copernicanism that irked the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in his lifelong conflict with the same. Nevertheless, with the dawn of the 20th century, the Church lifted the ban imposed on Galileo’s books and acclaimed him as the Father of Modern Sciences.
In 1737, he was reburied in the main body of the basilica
Galileo left for the heavenly abode on January 8, 1642, after suffering from fever and heart palpitations
Financial difficulties cut short Galileo’s education at the university, which he left in 1585, before earning his degree
The first was in 1581 when Galileo first noticed that a chandelier despite swinging in large and small arcs took almost the same time to return to the first position
It was only in the 20th century that several Popes acknowledged the great work and contribution of Galileo in the field of astronomy