Frederick Sanger’s profile picture

Frederick Sanger

Biochemist
Frederick Sanger’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Rendcomb
Country: British
BirthDay: 13 August 1918
Sigh: Virgo
Died On: November 19, 2013
Education: St John's College, Cambridge, University of Cambridge, Bryanston School
BIOGRAPHY

Frederick Sanger was bornon 13 August 1918 in Rendcomb, British, is Biochemist. Frederick Sanger was a British biochemist, well known for his groundbreaking research on aspects of biochemistry, which have influenced generations of research and progress in fields of biology and chemistry. He is the only Briton to have won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry twice, also one of the only two people overall to have won the Nobel Prize in the same category. His research on the insulin molecule revolutionized the study of proteins and landed him the first of his two Nobel Prizes. After his first Nobel Prize, he started researching at the Medical Research Council (MRC) which housed better facilities to carry forward his research. Surrounding himself with the brightest minds and collaborators, he shifted his focus towards genome studies after meeting Francis Crick and other researchers studying DNA. He continued studying RNA and DNA sequencing and developed a technique for sequencing DNA that came to be known as the ‘Sanger Method’, which later on, got automated and computerized and ended up being used in the ‘Human Genome Project’. He received his second Nobel Prize jointly with Walter Gilbert. They were credited for their immense contributions in research regarding the base sequences found in nucleic acids. To know more about his life and works read on

TIMELINE
2013

He passed away on 19 November 2013 in his sleep at Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge

1992

In 1992, the Medical Research Council and the Wellcome Trust established a genome research centre and named it as the ‘Sanger Center’ (now Sanger Institute) in honor of Frederick Sanger

1977

In 1977, Sanger along with his colleagues introduced the ‘Sanger Method’ which involved ‘dideoxy’ chain-termination method for sequencing DNA molecules

1965

His group was beaten to the race of sequencing the tRNA molecule by Robert Holley from ‘Cornell University’ in 1965

1962

He went from being an external staff to the Medical Research Council to becoming the head of their newly opened ‘Laboratory of Molecular Biology’s Protein Chemistry division in 1962

1951

During 1951-1952, he successfully mapped the complete amino acid sequence of the bovine insulin’s two polypeptide chains

1943

In 1943, he joined Albert Chibnall’s group, where the latter suggested he studied the insulin molecule

1940

In 1940, he got married to Margaret Joan Howe, after they met through the Cambridge Scientists' Anti-War Group

1936

John’s College’ at Cambridge to pursue undergraduate studies in natural sciences on 1936

1932

In 1932, he joined the ‘Bryanston School’ in Dorset run under the Dalton system of education

1927

In 1927, he went to study at ‘Downs School’, a Quakers-run residential school

1918

He was born to Cicely Sanger and Frederick Sanger, a general practitioner of medicine on 13th August, 1918 in Rendcomb, a small village in England

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