Emile Durkheim’s profile picture

Emile Durkheim

Sociologist & Philosopher
Emile Durkheim’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Sociologists
Residence: Épinal
Country: French
BirthDay: 15 April 1858
Sigh: Taurus
Died On: November 15, 1917
Education: Lycée Louis-le-Grand, École Normale Supérieure, Leipzig University

Emile Durkheim was bornon 15 April 1858 in Épinal, French, is Sociologist & Philosopher. David Émile Durkheim is regarded as the principal architect of modern social science and father of sociology. Born into a family of a long line of rabbis, he broke away from the Jewish tradition and produced many secular works. His first major sociological work, ‘The Division of Labor in Society’, discussed how modern society is held together by a division of labor that makes individuals dependent upon one another. In ‘Rules of the Sociological Method’, he put forward the need for scientific approach in the study of sociology, a revolutionary thought in that period of time. He set up the first European department of sociology and became France's first professor of sociology and also established the journal L'Année Sociologique. His monograph ‘Suicide’, a study of suicide rates in Catholic and Protestant populations, elevated sociology to the status of science. In his ‘The Elementary Forms of Religious Life’, he presented a theory of religion, comparing the social and cultural lives of aboriginal and modern societies. He also expressed his views on individualism, differentiating between egoism and moral individualism. He remained a dominant force in French intellectual life until his death, presenting numerous lectures and published works on a variety of topics, including the sociology of knowledge, morality, religion, law, and education.


By 1916, he became disillusioned about the consequence of a possible German defeat and the advantage it would give the conservative clerical party in France and became conscious of his Jewish heritage


In 1915, his son Andre was killed while fighting on the Balkan front


In 1912, he published ‘The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life’, which analyzed religion as a social phenomenon


By 1902, he realized his ambition of attaining a prominent position in Paris by becoming the chair of education at the Sorbonne, towards which the Parisian faculty had shown reluctance fearing “sociological imperialism"His lectures were solely mandatory for the entire student body and had much influence over the new generation of teachers


In 1898, he founded L'Année Sociologique, the first French social science journal which aimed to publish and publicize the works of a growing number of students and collaborators who developed his sociological program


In 1897, he published ‘Suicide’, a case study offering a model of what the sociological monograph might look like


In 1892, he published ‘The Division of Labour in Society’, his doctoral dissertation dealing with the nature of human society, its development and argued for moral and economic regulation to maintain peace and orderIn 1895, in ‘the Rules of the Sociological Method’ he declared that social sciences should also be based on a scientific method and founded the first European department of sociology at Bordeaux


He was appointed with the official title, Chargé d'un Cours de Science Sociale et de Pédagogie at University of Bordeaux in 1887 to teach the university's first social science course


In 1885 he left for Germany, studied sociology in Marburg, Berlin and Leipzig and by the following year completed the draft of his ‘The Division of Labor in Society’, his doctoral dissertation


In 1882, Durkheim passed his aggregation, the competitive examination required for admission to the teaching staff of state secondary schools, or lycées, and soon began to teach philosophy


He entered the École Normale Supérieure in 1879, at his third attempt and had as classmates brilliant people such as sociologist Jean Jaurès, philosopher Henri Bergson, historian Henri Berr and the psychologist Pierre JanetAt the Normale, he was guided by Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, a classicist with a social scientific outlook, and wrote his Latin dissertation on Montesquieu and read Auguste Comte and Herbert Spencer


David Emile Durkheim was born on April 15, 1858, in Epinal, capital town of the department of Vosges, in Lorraine to Mélanie and Moïse, a rabbi of Epinal, and the Chief Rabbi of the Vosges and Haute-Marne

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