Emil Kraepelin’s profile picture

Emil Kraepelin

Emil Kraepelin’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Psychologists
Residence: Neustrelitz
Country: German
BirthDay: 15 February 1856
Sigh: Pisces
Died On: October 7, 1926
Education: Leipzig University, University of Würzburg, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Emil Kraepelin was bornon 15 February 1856 in Neustrelitz, German, is Psychiatrist. Emil Kraepelin was a renowned German psychiatrist who made remarkable contributions to this field of medicine and is credited as the founder of psychopharmacology and psychiatric genetics. His theories on the origin of mental disorders refuted all previous theories which according to him were not clinical. With extensive research which he conducted on his patients, throughout his career, Emil arrived at numerous conclusions which he meticulously published in his textbook on psychiatry, which consisted of nine volumes. He pioneered the principles which laid the founding stone for modern day psychiatry. He was of the opinion that mental illness as any other ailment should be clinically observed and classified into different category based on the similarity of syndrome. He initiated many reforms in the then existing condition of asylums which considered all mental disorders as variations of single disease. It was Kraepelin who pioneered the concept of classification of mental illness into two categories, based upon the factors responsible for the disorder. Thus he categorized the various mental illnesses as exogenous and endogenous; exogenous being caused by external factors the latter was a result of biological or hereditary factors. His theories were quite popular during the twentieth century and Kraepelin’s contribution to psychiatry is held in high regard by physicians world-wide, till date


This famous psychiatrist breathed his last on 7 October 1926, in Munich


In 1922 he was appointed the director of Munich’s ‘Research Institute of Psychiatry’ and Kraepelin retired from academic position to concentrate on the institute


When the ‘German Society of Psychiatry’ approached him, he pioneered the establishment of a research centre ‘German Institute for Psychiatric Research’ and supervised the entire process till the institution was established in 1917


During the period 1903-22, he workedas a professor at the ‘University of Munich’


It was in Dorpat that Emil started his work on classifying mental disordersFrom 1890, Kraepelin served as the head of the psychiatric studies department at the ‘University of Heidelberg’


The ‘University of Dorpat’ in Estonia appointed him as a professor in 1885and during his time there he was eventually promoted as the director of the healthcare and medical education institute affiliated to the university


In 1884, he took up a job as a senior physician in Leubus, Germany and a year later the ‘Treatment and Nursing Institute’ named Emil as their director


In his first ever publication ‘Compendium der Psychiatrie’, in 1883, Kraepelin stated the importance of modification in the evaluation of mental illness and insisted that psychiatry should be included into mainstream medical science


In 1882, Emil began work in the field of psychopharmacology at Wilhelm Wundt’s laboratory in the Leipzig University


Emil then enrolled at the ‘University of Munich’ for his doctoral studies in 1879


In 1878, he was awarded a Medical Degree from the ‘University of Würzburg’


Emil Kraepelin was born on 15 February, 1856 in the town of Neustrelitz in Mecklenburg-Strelitz district of Germany

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