Edward I of England’s profile picture

Edward I of England

King of England
Edward I of England’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Residence: Westminster
Country: British
BirthDay: 17 June 1239
Sigh: Cancer
Died On: July 7, 1307
BIOGRAPHY

Edward I of England was bornon 17 June 1239 in Westminster, British, is King of England. Edward I was the King of England from 1272 to 1307, and was also known as ‘Edward Longshanks’ and the ‘Hammer of the Scots’. He was a successful king, a skilled military leader and fearsome warrior, who emerged as one of the greatest Plantagenet kings. Edward I was the eldest son of King Henry III; he inherited the fiery temper of his father. After getting married as a teenager to Eleanor of Castile as part of a political alliance, he acquired the lands of Gascony and spent a year there, studying its administration. Even though, Edward initially sided with the rebels, soon he returned to his father, took charge of the kingdom in his own hands and became Simon de Montfort's greatest enemy. After defeating Simon, he relentlessly pursued the surviving members of the de Montfort family, who were his cousins. Later, upon ascending the throne after his father’s death, he fought Llywelyn ap Gruffyd and his brother, quickly defeating them. He strengthened the crown and Parliament against the old feudal nobility. He subdued Wales, destroyed its autonomy and also made an unsuccessful attempt to conquer Scotland. His reign is particularly remembered for administrative efficiency and legal reform. He was an intimidating man who often instilled fear in his contemporaries and even though he earned the respect as a soldier and an administrator, many historians criticize him for his uncompromising attitude towards his nobility

TIMELINE
1307

Edward died on July 7, 1307, at Burgh in Sands and was buried at Westminster Abbey

1299

In 1299, at the age of 60, Edward I married Margaret of France, the 17-year-old daughter of King Phillip III of France

1260

In November 1260, he once again united with the Lusignans, who had been exiled to France

1258

In 1258, when a group of barons called for the restructuring of the King’s government, Edward supported his political allies and later announced his support for the barons' goals, and their leader, Simon de Montfort

1254

In 1254, after getting married at the age of 13, he was awarded lands in Wales, Ireland and the Channel Islands by his father as King Henry III wanted Edward to experience power

1246

Edward I was raised under the care of Hugh Giffard until Bartholomew Pecche took over after Giffard's death in 1246

1239

Edward I was born on June 17, 1239, at the Palace of Westminster, London, England, to King Henry III and his wife, Eleanor of Provence

(3.2/167 votes)
Related Person