Dorothy Hodgkin’s profile picture

Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Cairo
Country: British
BirthDay: 12 May 1910
Sigh: Gemini
Died On: July 29, 1994
Education: University of Cambridge, Somerville College, Oxford

Dorothy Hodgkin was bornon 12 May 1910 in Cairo, British, is Biochemist. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was a Nobel Prize winning British biochemist, well-known for her work on the structure of penicillin, insulin and vitamin B12. She became interested in chemistry while she was in school and fought to gain entry into the chemistry class, which until then was reserved for boys. Later, she earned her bachelor’s degree in chemistry from the Somerville College, Oxford and joined the Cambridge University for her doctoral work. However, on receiving fellowship, she went back to Oxford within two years and finished her work. One year before she received her PhD, she was appointed as an Official Fellow and a Tutor in Natural Science at the Somerville College and remained there until her retirement. However, life was never easy for her. Her laboratory was located in one corner of the Natural History Museum and she had to collect money to install an X-ray machine there. Initially, she was not taken seriously by students and faculties; but her grit and talent won in the end and she soon gained their respect. She was also a very good human being and was greatly concerned about social inequities.


In 2010, the Royal Society celebrated its 350th anniversary with the publication of 10 stamps honoring its most illustrious members; Dorothy Hodgkin was second of them


She was one of five 'Women of Achievement' selected for a set of British stamps issued in August 1996


She died on July 29 1994 after a stroke at her home in Warwickshire, England


She remained with the University till her retirement in 1977


After years of painstaking research she was finally able to resolve its structure in 1969


In 1956, she obtained crystals of pig insulin containing either two or four zinc atoms and started working with them


After years of research work she and her team were able to publish the final paper in 1955


Until 1949, Dorothy published her works under her maiden name Dorothy Crowfoot


In 1948, Hodgkin began her research on the structure of Vitamin B-12


Although she was denied the post, in 1946, she was made a University lecturer and demonstrator


Also in 1945, she applied for a new readership in chemical crystallography


Among them, she took up her research in penicillin sometime in 1942


The couple had three children: Luke (born 1938), Elizabeth (born 1941) and Toby (born 1946)


Once the Fellowship ended, she received assistance from Rockefeller and Nuffield Foundations and continued her work; finally receiving her PhD in 1937


Meanwhile in 1936, a year before she received her PhD, Dorothy Hodgkin was appointed as an Official Fellow and a Tutor in Natural Science at the Somerville College in Oxford


Once that was done, she began to take X-ray photographs of insulin, a study she began in 1934


In 1933, she was awarded a two-year research fellowship by Somerville College, of which, she spent the first year in Cambridge and the second year in Oxford


In 1932, after graduating with a first class honors degree in chemistry from Oxford, Dorothy Hodgkin entered the University of Cambridge for her doctoral work


In 1928, she entered Somerville College, Oxford with chemistry and physics


In 1927, Dorothy earned her school leaving certificate with distinction in six subjects


In 1921, she was shifted to Sir John Leman School, where she studied till 1927


In 1914, while on a yearly visit to her grandparents, the family was caught up in the First World War


Dorothy Hodgkin was born as Dorothy Mary Crowfoot on 12 May 1910, in Cairo, Egypt to renowned archeologists, John Winter Crowfoot and Grace Mary Crowfoot née Hood

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