Charles II was bornon 29 May 1630 in St James's Palace, British, is King of England, Scotland & Ireland. Popularly referred to as the ‘Merry Monarch’, Charles II was known for his lively and exuberant nature, which prevailed in his court as well, that mostly functioned on hedonism and cavorting style. Born to King Charles I of England and Queen Henrietta Maria, Charles II was conferred the titles of Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay soon after his birth. He later took up the title of Prince of Wales. At the tender age of fourteen, he along with his father fought in the Battle of Edgehill. However, the unfavorable result of the war led young Charles to a life of exile. He returned to be crowned as the monarch of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Charles II’s reign was marked by two tragic events in British history - the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London. His relationship with the Parliament was not very cordial and he also plotted fruitless military missions against the Dutch. His era became widely known as the restoration period in English history.
In 1662, he married Catherine of Braganza, the daughter of the King of Portugal
By 1648, he relocated to The Hague, South Holland, where his sister Mary and brother-in-law William II, Prince of Orange aided him in the royalist cause
By the time he turned fourteen, he was made titular commander of the English forces in the West Country and participated in the campaigns of 1645
During the 1640s, he fully supported his father, who in turn fought the Parliamentary and Puritan forces in English Civil War