B. F. Skinner’s profile picture

B. F. Skinner

American psychologist
B. F. Skinner’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Psychologists
Residence: Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, United States
Country: United States
BirthDay: 20 March 1904
Sigh: Aries
Died On: August 18, 1990
Education: Hamilton College, Harvard University
BIOGRAPHY

B. F. Skinner was bornon 20 March 1904 in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania, United States, American, is American psychologist. Burrhus Frederic “B.F.” Skinner was a psychologist and social philosopher considered to be a pioneer in the field of behaviorism. He founded a separate school of psychology known as “radical behaviorism” which differed considerably from the other schools of psychology. He believed that living beings tend to repeat the actions which they believe give them favourable results. He called this the principle of reinforcement. He was an intelligent, creative, and independent minded individual who often found himself surrounded by controversy due to the nature of his works. He was of the view that free will was an illusion and vehemently denied that humans possessed any freedom or dignity. He was also an inventor who is credited to have invented the operant conditioning chamber which is used to study behaviour conditioning. He designed the air crib, a temperature and humidity controlled crib for taking care of babies. This proved to be his most controversial invention and he was heavily criticized for inflicting cruelty upon small babies. A prolific writer, he authored 180 articles and more than 20 books, the best known of which are ‘Walden Two’ and ‘Beyond Freedom and Dignity’. Throughout his life he had served as a professor in various colleges and left a profound impact on in the field of education.

TIMELINE
1989

He was diagnosed with leukemia in 1989 and died of the disease in 1990

1988

Skinner Foundation was formed in 1988 with his support to promote the science founded by him

1971

His very famous book ‘Beyond Freedom and Dignity’ was released in 1971

1957

In 1957, he published his book ‘Verbal Behavior’ in which he analyzed human behavior through the use of language, linguistics and speech

1948

He wrote a work of fiction, ‘Walden Two’, a utopian novel in 1948

1945

He was appointed as a professor in Indiana University in 1945 and was also chosen as the Chairperson of the psychology department

1937

He was made an Assistant Professor in 1937 and Associate Professor in 1939

1936

After leaving Harvard in 1936 he became an Instructor at the University of Minnesota

1931

He received his PhD from the Harvard University in 1931 and served as a researcher till 1936

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