Auguste Comte’s profile picture

Auguste Comte

Auguste Comte’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Philosophers
Residence: Montpellier, France
Country: French
BirthDay: 19 January 1798
Sigh: Aquarius
Died On: September 5, 1857
Education: École Polytechnique
BIOGRAPHY

Auguste Comte was bornon 19 January 1798 in Montpellier, France, French. Auguste Comte or Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte was a prominent French philosopher. He introduced a new discipline namely Sociology and divided this subject in two categories - “social statics”, which denotes the forces holding society together and “social dynamics”, which indicates the forces responsible for social change. He, for the first time, proposed the idea of positivism, a philosophy of science that gained wide recognition in the second half of the nineteenth century. Most of his works reflect the influence of the utopian socialist Henri Saint-Simon with whom he worked as a secretary. He endeavoured to cure the social maladies of the French Revolution with the help of his newly developed positive philosophy. His law of three stages is an attempt to describe the historical sequence of human mind in three steps - theological, metaphysical and positive. Due to his development of specific philosophy for each discipline of science like mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology, he is regarded as the first philosopher of science in the modern sense. In an article written for “Le Censeur Europeen”, a journal of the liberal opposition of that era, he put his view against equal access to jobs in government sector. Apart from enriching the field of Sociology, his social theories provided the basis for the formation of “Religion of Humanity”.

TIMELINE
1855

After publishing “Appeal to Conservatives” in 1855, he published the first volume of “Subjective Synthesis” or “Universal System of the Conceptions Adapted to the Normal State of Humanity”, which is his book on the philosophy of mathematics

1852

For a few months in 1852, he remained busy with “Catechism of Positive Religion”

1851

From 1851 to 1854, he published four volumes of “System of Positive Polity - A Treatise of Sociology, Instituting the Religion of Humanity”

1844

Besides finishing work on his books “Philosophical Treatise on Popular Astronomy” and “Discourse on the Positive Spirit” in 1844, he remained busy in writing the “System of Positive Polity”

1842

They did not lead a happy married life on account of financial problems and he divorced his wife in 1842

1841

His apartment, where he lived from 1841 to 1857, has been preserved as the Maison d’Auguste Comte which is a private museum

1832

Starting 1832, he taught analysis and mechanics at the Ecole Polytechnique but he lost this job in 1842 due to a clash with administrators of the institute

1830

He published six volumes of “Course in Positive Philosophy” between 1830 and 1842

1829

On account of his poor health, this course was interrupted and he could resume this only in 1829

1826

This widely acknowledged philosopher was admitted to a mental health hospital in 1826, but left without being cured

1824

Owing to a dispute of the authorship of their writings, this partnership ended in 1824

1817

In 1817, he met Henri de Saint-Simon, a social theorist, and became his secretary and collaborator

1816

When the Ecole closed for reorganization in 1816, he pursued his study at the medical school at Montpellier

1814

He took admission at the Ecole Polytechnique in 1814

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