Arthur Kornberg’s profile picture

Arthur Kornberg

Biochemist
Arthur Kornberg’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: New York City, United States
Country: United States
BirthDay: 3 March 1918
Sigh: Aries
Died On: October 26, 2007
BIOGRAPHY

Arthur Kornberg was bornon 3 March 1918 in New York City, United States, American, is Biochemist. Arthur Kornberg was an American biochemist, born in New York City in early twentieth century. His parents, who came to the USA at the turn of the century from Austrian Galicia, were not-so-well-off traders. Kornberg began his education at a public school and funded his college education with the help of scholarships. His initial aim was to become a doctor, but while studying for his medical degree, he began to take interest in research and started a survey to see if jaundice was common among medical students. The paper, which was published a year after he earned his MD, caught the attention of the Director of National Institutes of Health. On his invitation, Kornberg joined NIH and served there for eleven years; in-between he took breaks to update his knowledge on enzymes. Later he began his teaching career as a professor at Washington University, but continued with his research. Here he was able to isolate DNA polymerizing enzyme, which earned him Nobel Prize three years later. Later he shifted to the University of Stanford and remained there for rest of his life. He was also socially very aware and lent his name to relevant movements.

TIMELINE
2007

Kornberg died on 26 October, 2007 in Stanford of respiratory failure

2006

In 2006, he received the Nobel Prize for discovering how genetic information from DNA is copied to RNA

1992

Baker (1992) and ‘The Golden Helix: Inside Biotech Ventures’ (2002)

1991

From 1991 onwards, Kornberg began to focus on the metabolism of inorganic polyphosphate, at that time, regarded as ‘molecular fossil’

1988

Two years after the death of his first wife, Kornberg tied the knot for the second time and in 1988, married Charlene Walsh Levering, who also predeceased him in 1995

1986

She died in 1986, survived by Kornberg and their three sons

1970

Kornberg, is a professor at the University of California, San Francisco and noted for his discovery of DNA polymerase II and III (1970)

1967

After years of grueling research, they finally announced their success on December 14, 1967

1961

His books include‘Enzymatic Synthesis of DNA (1961); DNA Synthesis, (1974); ‘DNA Replication’, (1980); ‘For the Love of Enzymes: The Odyssey of a Biochemist’ (1989); DNA Replication (2nd Edition) with Tania A

1959

In 1959, Kornberg moved to the University of Stanford as Professor and Executive Head of the Department of Biochemistry and remained there for rest of his working life

1956

In 1956, he identified DNA Polymerase I (or Pol I) in the intestinal bacterium E coli and recognized it as an essential enzyme for replication, repair and rearrangements of DNA

1953

Subsequently, he became its Medical Director and served in this capacity until 1953

1947

Next in 1947, Kornberg shifted to Washington University School of Medicine at St

1946

In 1946, he got himself transferred to Dr Severo Ochoa's laboratory at New York University to learn more about enzyme purification techniques

1943

On November 21, 1943, Kornberg married Sylvy Ruth Levy

1942

In 1942, he published the result of his above mentioned survey

1941

Upon receiving his medical degree in 1941, Kornberg entered Strong Memorial Hospital in Rochester for his internship, and completed the same in 1942

1933

An exceptionally bright student from the start, Arthur studied at Abraham Lincoln High School at Brooklyn, graduating from there in 1933

1918

Arthur Kornberg was born on March 3, 1918 in Brooklyn, New York City

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