Anna Freud’s profile picture

Anna Freud

Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology
Anna Freud’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $4 Million
Industry: Psychologists
Residence: Vienna
Country: Austrian
BirthDay: 3 December 1895
Sigh: Capricorn
Died On: October 9, 1982

Anna Freud was bornon 3 December 1895 in Vienna, Austrian, is Founder of psychoanalytic child psychology. Anna Freud was an Austrian psychologist, a pioneer in the field of child psychoanalysis, who defined the function of “ego” in psychology. The youngest daughter of Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, Anna was devoted to her father and enjoyed developing psychoanalytic theory and practice. As a young woman she taught at elementary school, and her daily observation of children drew her to child psychology. She is most noted for her work with children and the concept of children undergoing analysis. She discovered that children often required different psychological treatment as compared to adults and emphasized the role that early disruptions in attachment could play a role in the subsequent development of psychological problems. Her experience as a school teacher added to her knowledge of ego psychology and helped her maintain The Hampstead Child Therapy Clinic. Her publication ‘The Ego and Mechanisms of Defense’ is considered to be a groundbreaking work in the development of adolescent psychology. During the World War II, she also established war nursery with an aim to help the children form attachments by providing continuity of relationships with the helpers and by encouraging mothers to visit as often as possible. Until the final years of her life, she travelled regularly to the United States to lecture, teach and visit friends. Her life was spent in constant search for useful social applications of psychoanalysis, especially in treating children and in learning from them.


She died on October 9, 1982 in London, England, at the age of 86


In 1973, she published ‘Beyond the Best Interests of the Child’ with Albert Solnit and Joseph Goldstein


In 1965, she published her work ‘Normality and Pathology in Childhood’


She established the ‘Hampstead Child Therapy Course and Clinic’ and served as its director from 1952 until her death


She also published three books ‘Young Children in Wartime’ (1942), ‘Infants Without Families’ (1943), and ‘War and Children’ (1943) based on her experiences at the war nursery


In 1941, she formed the ‘Hampstead War Nursery’ which served as a psychoanalytic program and home for homeless children


In 1938, when the Nazi threat became unsustainable, she fled to London along with her father


In 1935, she became the director of the ‘Vienna Psychoanalytical Training Institute’


From 1927 to 1934, she served as the General Secretary of the ‘International Psychoanalytical Association’


In 1922, she was able to present the results of this analysis to the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society in a paper titled ‘The Relation of Beating Fantasies to a Daydream’


In 1918, she became actively involved in her father’s psychoanalysis study in which she was the subject of his research


From 1915 to 1917, she served there as a trainee, and then as a teacher from 1917 to 1920


In 1914, upon her return to Vienna, she began teaching at the Cottage Lyceum, her old school


In 1912, after completing her education from the Cottage Lyceum in Vienna, she traveled to Italy to stay with her grandmother


She was born on December 3, 1895 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, to Sigmund Freud, a neurologist now known as the ‘father of psychoanalysis’, and his wife, Martha Bernays

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