Andrei Sakharov’s profile picture

Andrei Sakharov

The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’
Andrei Sakharov’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: $300,000
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Moscow
Country: Russian
BirthDay: 21 May 1921
Sigh: Gemini
Died On: December 14, 1989
Education: Moscow State University, Lebedev Physical Institute

Andrei Sakharov was bornon 21 May 1921 in Moscow, Russian, is The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’. Andrei Sakharov was a Russian physicist and Noble Prize winning activist, popularly known as ‘The Father of Soviet nuclear bomb’. He was a great nuclear scientist and an influential political activist, one of the twentieth century's most ardent and unrelenting champions of human rights and freedoms. He conducted research in controlled nuclear fusion and his work eventually led to the creation of the first Soviet hydrogen bomb. His work on the nuclear program, which he popularized as ‘The Third Idea’, ultimately led him down the road towards dissent. Following the test of the first Soviet hydrogen bomb, he became increasingly disturbed by the probable consequences of his work. After some time, he returned to fundamental science and began working on cosmology, but continued to oppose political discrimination. Later in life, he became an increasingly vocal advocate of human rights and when he denounced the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan, the Soviet authorities banished him to internal exile. He remained a tireless advocate for political reform and human rights for the rest of his life. Despite being an atheist, he did believe that a non-scientific "guiding principle" governed the universe and human life. He was an extraordinary theoretical physicist and a renowned dissident, but above all, a noble symbol of courage, intelligence, and humanity.


He died of a heart attack on 14 December 1989, at the age of 68


In 1980, he was arrested following his public protests against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan and was sent to internal exile in the city of Gorky, where he was detained until 1986


They got married in 1972 and she became his strongest supporter


In 1970, he became one of the founders of the Committee on Human Rights in the USSR due to which he was severely pressurized by the government


He published his best-known political essay, ‘Reflections on Progress, Peaceful Coexistence and Intellectual Freedom’ in 1968


He returned to fundamental science in the late 1960s and began working on particle physics and cosmology


During the late 1950s, he became concerned about the moral and political implications of his work and protested against nuclear proliferation


In 1945, he returned to Moscow and got enrolled in the P


While working in Ulyanovsk, he met Klavdia Vikhireva, a laboratory assistant, and they got married in July 1943


In 1938, he enrolled at Moscow State University but during World War II, he was evacuated to Aşgabat, which is a part of present day Turkmenistan from where he graduated in 1942


He was born on May 21, 1921 in Moscow, to Dmitri Ivanovich Sakharov, a physics teacher and pianist, and his wife, Yekaterina Alekseyevna Sakharova, a homemaker

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