Alfred Russel Wallace’s profile picture

Alfred Russel Wallace

Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist
Alfred Russel Wallace’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Scientists
Residence: Llanbadoc
Country: British
BirthDay: 8 January 1823
Sigh: Aquarius
Died On: November 7, 1913
Education: Hertford Grammar School, Hertford

Alfred Russel Wallace was bornon 8 January 1823 in Llanbadoc, British, is Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist. Alfred Russel Wallace was a British scientist, anthropologist, biologist and explorer, best known for discovering the concept of evolution by natural selection. He was also a pioneer in the field of biogeography, contributing significantly to the study of geographical distribution of various animal species. Despite being so richly knowledgeable about nature and its phenomena, his life was a constant financial struggle. It was quite late in his life, when one of his closest friends, Charles Darwin, helped him acquire a regular source of income in the form of a small government pension, in return for his lifetime of scientific contributions. His prominent works involved the groundbreaking discovery of the evolutionary theory through natural selection and extensive fieldwork for collecting specimens in the Amazon River basin and then in the Malay Archipelago. Apart from his exceptional scientific works, he also got involved in social activism, raising his voice against the unjust social and economic system in 19th-century Britain. He was also a prolific author and one of the first scientists to raise concerns over the environmental impact of human activity. But, he is most remembered as a natural explorer and a curious scientist who independently revolutionized the concept of evolution through his keen interest in natural history.


He died on November 7, 1913 at his home in Broadstone, Dorset, England, at the age of 90


It was only after the efforts of his friends, especially Darwin, that he was awarded a £200 annual pension in 1881, which stabilized his financial condition


‘The Malay Archipelago’, an account of his studies and adventures, published in 1869, became one of the most popular books of scientific exploration of the 19th century


In 1866, he married Annie Mitten, daughter of William Mitten, an expert on mosses


In 1858, an article on his insights was published along with a description of the famous Darwin’s theory


From 1854 to 1862, he started another voyage through the Malay Archipelago or East Indies to study natural history and collect other specimens


After four years of successful expedition and with a wide collection of specimens, on his way back to UK in 1852, the ship’s cargo caught fire and most of the gatherings and precious items were lost


In 1848, he and Bates started their journey to Brazil in search of insects and other animal specimens in the Amazon rainforest


In 1845, William died and he resigned from his teaching job to assume control of his brother's firm along with his brother, John


Along with his brother John, he started his own architecture firm and worked on several projects including the Neath Mechanics' Institute, founded in 1843


Their business eventually settled at Neath in Glamorgan in Wales in 1839–40 but after few years, due to harsh economic conditions, the business weakened and Alfred left the job at his brother’s firm


In 1837, he went to work as an apprentice for his eldest brother, William


Alfred was ultimately forced to leave school in 1836 as a result of deteriorating financial condition of his family


In 1828, his family moved to Hertford where he received his early education from the Hertford Grammar School for the next six years


He was born on January 8, 1823 in Kensington Cottage near Usk, Monmouthshire, England, to Thomas Vere Wallace and Mary Ann Wallace

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