Alexis de Tocqueville’s profile picture

Alexis de Tocqueville

Alexis de Tocqueville’s profile picture
Net worth 2018: Under Review
Industry: Miscellaneous
Residence: Paris, France
Country: French
BirthDay: 29 July 1805
Sigh: Leo
Died On: April 16, 1859
Education: Lycée Fabert

Alexis de Tocqueville was bornon 29 July 1805 in Paris, France, French. Alexis de Tocqueville was a French political theorist and historian who went to the U.S. to study the American political model and published the classic ‘Democracy in America’ in two volumes. His works are regarded amongst the most influential texts produced on sociology and political science. He considered the democratic political system of America as the ideal society and desired to bring about changes on similar grounds in the French political system. His writings dealt with issues like class structure, living standards, political systems, religion, racism, governments, and judiciary. The 19th century text is considered so significant that it is a recommended textbook for political science courses in colleges even today. He was actively involved in French politics for several years starting from the July monarchy, and continued till after the 1848 Revolution that led to the creation of the French Second Republic. While serving in the parliament, he supported free trade and was in favour of abolitionism. He toured England and published ‘Memoir on Pauperism’ upon his return. He also traveled to Algeria to study the political system prevalent there and observed that the British model of indirect rule was superior to the French model of colonization. He was considered a classical liberal.


Peter Carey’s 2009 novel ‘Parrot and Olivier in America’ is inspired by his life


He suffered from frequent bouts of tuberculosis and finally succumbed to the disease in 1859, aged 53


With his political career behind him, he began focusing all his energy on writing ‘The Old Regime and the Revolution’ which was published in 1856


Louis Napoleon seized the control of the government in a coup in 1851


He was reelected the president of the departmental council of la Manche in 1850


He was elected to the new legislative Assembly in 1849 and was made minister of foreign affairs


He was elected to the Constituent Assembly of 1848 and made a member of the committee charged with drafting the new constitution


He was elected the general counsellor of the Manche in 1842, and served as the president of the department’s conseil general from 1849 till 1851


He visited Algeria in 1841 with his brother and friend Beaumont


The second volume of the highly acclaimed ‘Democracy in America’ was published in 1840


He met Henry Reeve in 1835 who would later become the translator of his works


On returning to France in 1832, they began working on their first book together, ‘On the Penitentiary System in the United States and its Application in France’


They obtained permission from the monarchy to study the penal system in America, and began their travel in 1831


The July Monarchy under Louis Philippe I began in 1830


In 1828, he met Gustave de Beaumont who was the deputy public prosecutor at the court of Versailles


He acquired an unpaid apprenticeship in 1827 at the court of law in Versailles

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